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AUTOCRACY. The name of a government where the monarch is unlimited by law. Such is the power of the emperor of Russia, who, following the example of his predecessors, calls himself the autocrat of all the Russias.

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Along with Hobbes's "liberal" first principles--natural right, natural liberty, natural equality, and the social contract--these facets of his teaching have led some scholars to conclude that he was not a liberal in spite of himself, but simply saw no contradiction between political absolutism and a free society, including a relatively free market.
Marshall, a leading specialist on Locke, adds fresh insights and details about Locke's personal history and his writings as a champion of religious toleration and opponent of political absolutism.
Renaissance historians have also traditionally presented it as a breeding ground for the "ecole de Toulouse," a group of conservative magistrates who advocated political absolutism.