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AUTOCRACY. The name of a government where the monarch is unlimited by law. Such is the power of the emperor of Russia, who, following the example of his predecessors, calls himself the autocrat of all the Russias.

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THE FUTURIST: In your new memoir, Things I've Been Silent About, you write: "Looking back at our history, what seems surprising to me is not how powerful religious authorities have been in Iran, but how quickly modern secular ways took over a society so deeply dominated by religious orthodoxy and political absolutism.
Along with Hobbes's "liberal" first principles--natural right, natural liberty, natural equality, and the social contract--these facets of his teaching have led some scholars to conclude that he was not a liberal in spite of himself, but simply saw no contradiction between political absolutism and a free society, including a relatively free market.
Particularly at the beginning of the book's first chapter, on the origins of French interest in Spanish theater, the author frequently uses terms like "evolution" to describe France as moving collectively and inexorably toward administrative centralization, political absolutism, and rationalist epistemology.
Marshall, a leading specialist on Locke, adds fresh insights and details about Locke's personal history and his writings as a champion of religious toleration and opponent of political absolutism.
Renaissance historians have also traditionally presented it as a breeding ground for the "ecole de Toulouse," a group of conservative magistrates who advocated political absolutism.