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One of the essential attributes of a state under International Law is external sovereignty—that is, the right to exercise freely the full range of power a state possesses under international law. Recognition of a state as independent necessarily implies that the recognizing states have no legal authority over the independent state. The status of a fully independent state should be contrasted with that of dependent or vassal states, where a superior state has the legal authority to impose its will over the subject, or inferior, state.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INDEPENDENCE. A state of perfect irresponsibility to any superior; the United States are free and independent of all earthly power.
     2. Independence may be divided into political and natural independence. By the former is to be understood that we have contracted no tie except those which flow from the three great natural rights of safety, liberty and property. The latter consists in the power of being able to enjoy a permanent well-being, whatever may be the disposition of those from whom we call ourselves independent. In that sense a nation may be independent with regard to most people, but not independent of the whole world. Vide on of Independence.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the historian, the demonstration showed to Western European countries and the United States that "the three Baltic nations can act together and that they were swiftly, effectively and peacefully moving towards political independence."
Israel is still awaiting acknowledgement of its sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence from Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and the countries that supported the war--Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Sudan, and Tunisia.
He said he looks forward to working with a new Lebanese government "that is committed to upholding Lebanon's sovereignty and political independence."
Political independence from colonial rule was supposed to prepare the ground for the mission to Canaan.
The United States looks forward to working with a new Lebanese government that is committed to upholding Lebanon's sovereignty and political independence. Please accept my deepest congratulations on this historic day and know that the United States stands firm in our support for a prosperous, secure, and peaceful Lebanon." Hariri also received a number of cables of congratulations on this occasion from heads of state and officials, most notably the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, the Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki, the Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Zvizdic, the Prime Minister of Tunisia Youssef Chahed and the Secretary General of the League of Arab States Ahmed Aboul Gheit.
He offers the promise of political independence as evidenced by the fact that he has not accepted any contributions from Democratic organizations, his independent views on gerrymandering, and his promise to work in a bipartisan manner.
Of course, economic independence strengthens our political independence. The economy of Azerbaijan is self-sufficient.
Speaking at the United Nations in Geneva, Deputy Permanent Representative of Qatar to the UN in Geneva, Abdullah al Nuaimi , said Qatar reiterates the need for countries to adhere, in their foreign relations, to principles of international law concerning friendly relations and cooperation between them as well as have full respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and political independence. He highlighted the importance of refraining from the use of unilateral coercive measures that would have long-term negative consequences for human rights, could obstruct trade relations and impede the right to development.
'I believe now with our political independence through GPS (Gabungan Parti Sarawak) we have a better and stronger platform to voice our opinion freely to protect the interest of Sarawak,' he said at the Sarawak Day celebration at the Celebration Square in Petra Jaya, near here, today.
The BAP president said, 'Political independence is necessary for development and prosperity.
Chris said: "Under my leadership Reform Scotland will maintain its political independence and will pursue good ideas wherever they might be found.
He said the forefathers of the nation had rendered unprecedented sacrifices to achieve political independence and ideological freedom.