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Any substance dangerous to living organisms that if applied internally or externally, destroy the action of vital functions or prevent the Continuance of life.

Economic poisons are those substances that are used to control insects, weeds, fungi, bacteria, rodents, predatory animals, or other pests. Economic poisons are useful to society but are still dangerous.

The way a poison is controlled depends on its potential for harm, its usefulness, and the reasons for its use. The law has a right and a duty pursuant to the Police Power of a state to control substances that can do great harm.

In the past, an individual who was harmed by a poison that had been handled in a careless manner could institute a lawsuit for damages against the person who had mishandled the chemical. As time went on, state statutes prescribed the circumstances under which someone was legally liable for injuries caused by a poison. For example, a sale to anyone under sixteen years of age was unlawful, and a seller was required to ensure that the buyer understood that the chemical was poisonous. It was not unusual for all poisons, drugs, and narcotics to be covered by the same statutory scheme.

Specialized statutes currently regulate poisons. Pesticides must be registered with the federal government, and those denied registration cannot be used. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a number of regulations governing the use of approved pesticides. Federal law also prohibits unauthorized adulteration of any product with a poisonous substance and requires clear labeling for anything sold with a poisonous ingredient. It might not be sufficient to list all the chemicals in a container or even to put the word POISON on the label. The manufacturer should also warn of the injuries that are likely to occur and the conditions under which the poison will cause harm. Stricter standards are applied to household products than to poisonous products intended to be used in a factory, on a farm, or by a specially trained person. Poisonous food products are banned. Under other federal regulations, pesticide residues on foods are prohibited above certain low tolerance levels.

Certain provisions under federal law seek to protect children from poisoning. Special packaging is required for some household products so that a child will not mistake them for food or will not be able to open containers. Federal funds are available for local programs to reduce or eliminate the danger of poisoning from lead-based paint. Under the Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 1261 et seq.), toys containing poisonous substances can be banned or subjected to recall.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

POISON, crim. law. Those substances which, when applied to the organs of the body, are capable of altering or destroying, in a majority of cases, some or all of the functions necessary to life, are called poisons. 3 Fodere, Traite de Med. Leg. 449; Guy, Med. Jur. 520.
     2. When administered with a felonious intent of committing, murder, if. death ensues, it is murder the most detestable, because it can of all others, be least prevented by manhood or forethought. It is a deliberate act necessarily implying malice. 1 Russ. Cr. 429. For the signs which indicate poisoning, vide 2 Beck's Med. Jurisp. ch. 16, p. 236, et seq.; Cooper's Med. Jurisp. 47; Ryan's Med. Jurisp. ch. 15, p. 202, et seq.; Traill, Med. Jur. 109.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also big influences from Debbie Harry, Posion Ivy (from The Cramps), Wanda Woodward W(played by Traci Lords) in the film Cry Baby, The Clash, Kathleen Hannah from Bikini Kill and I'm influenced from different films and TV like The Rocky Horror Show and Twin Peaks.
Wounded in the explosion near the San Nicolas Elementary School were Marjo Posion Flores, 18; Emilita Galaroza Reyes, 48, Ryan Lomregue San Pedro, 32; Shiela Marie Dosal Geneita, 21; Kevin Sungahid Lucenio, 21; and one Patrick, 17; and Christian.
In our study, 114 patients (51.8%) were given active charcoal and gastric lavage was administered in 115 patients (52.2%) after consulting with the National Posion Information Center (NPIC).
Also big influences from Debbie Harry, Posion Ivy (from The Cramps), Wanda Woodward (played by Traci Lords) in the film Cry Baby, The Clash, Kathleen Hannah from Bikini Kill and I'm influenced from different films and TV like The Rocky Horror Show and Twin Peaks.
X Factor judge Rita Ora lost out in the best female category to Waiting All Night singer Ella Eyre, but still managed her moment in the spotlight with a seductive performance of her hits Body On Me and Posion before being joined on stage by best newcomer winners Section Boyz.
"This includes the bilderbergers (name for masonic members to meet once a year) plan to depopulate the planet, the HAARP project, project bluebeam, all prescription drugs are posionious, vaccines are really posion, that the group known as the illuminati really exist, 9/11 terror attacks were an inside job by the American government, the plans to create a world government etca Anyways I was told the apocalypse is about to happen soon and they've appointed a real life anti-christ (though they know Jesus was just a fictional character created by Satan).
e defeat left a r taste in the uths of fans o felt United ould s een going for ory in the FA F up given their d-table posion 12 months go.
Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitri Kovtun, the men suspected of administering the posion, are both now in Russia.