Miscarriage

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MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

References in periodicals archive ?
'I have provided an interactive space within the show for people to respond to the work and to share their own experiences of trauma and pregnancy loss, as well as wider issues of fertility and family.
However, the study has its own limitations mainly because the researchers were unable to find a direct link between hypertension and pregnancy loss. They were just able to find a relationship between miscarriage and preconception blood pressure through statistical analysis.
(2004) who demonstrated a trend towards lower pregnancy loss (P = 0.077) in repeat breeder cows supplemented with P4 implants from d5-d19 post AI in treatment group versus control.
Several alterations in cytokines have been reported in recurrent pregnancy loss. For example, over-expression of cytokines secreted from Th1 seems to be related to cell-mediated immunity down-regulation and is correlated with recurrent pregnancy loss (14-18).
Among women who became pregnant, each 10 nanogram per milliliter increase in preconception vitamin D was associated with a 12% lower risk of pregnancy loss. Vitamin D levels in the eighth week of pregnancy were not linked to pregnancy loss.
Systematic review and metaanalysis show that treatment with the combination of unfractionated heparin (UFH) and aspirin could reduce the risk of pregnancy loss (relative risk, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.29 - 0.71) compared to aspirin alone, although the level of evidence was modest.
Darren added his thanks to those who made the tombola such a success, saying: "A huge thank you to the people who donated prizes towards the raffle for Sophia Pregnancy Loss Support.
The findings, published in the journal Hypertension, showed that for every 10 mm Hg increase in diastolic blood pressure (pressure when the heart is resting between beats), there was 18 per cent higher risk for pregnancy loss among the study population.
Of note, the rates of implantation, clinical pregnancy, overall pregnancy loss, and ongoing pregnancy did not differ between the groups, but in a post hoc analysis, the rate of second-trimester pregnancy loss was lower with frozen embryo transfer (4.7% vs.
In addition, patients with a history of RSM and those with only a single spontaneous miscarriage (SSM) commonly have multiple factors that can result in a miscarriage, and for patients with a history of spontaneous miscarriages attention is given to infertility treatment and pregnancy loss prevention, which complicates patient management.
(%) Characteristic Total Pregnant women 219 (100) Completed pregnancies 185 (84) Liveborn infants ([section]) 182 (98) Pregnancy loss ([section]) 3 (2) Zika-associated birth 15 (8) defects ([section]) Microcephaly 10 ([paragraph]) (67) Other Zika-associated birth 5 ** (33) defects Infant/Fetus received 80 ([dagger][dagger]) (43) testing for Zika No.