"The applicant cannot dispute the legitimacy of the orders with a prerogative writ
before they are presented," the court said.
A quo warranto Latin for 'by what warrant?' is a prerogative writ
, requiring the individual, to whom it is directed, to show by what authority he holds public office.
'In the event your Commission fails to conduct the election, our client, Barrister Mukhtar Abubakar Usman would not hesitate in instituting a legal action to seek for the intervention of court of justice by obtaining a prerogative writ
of mandamus compelling your Commission to conduct the Bye-Election into the seat of senator representing Bauchi South senatorial district forthwith.'
'The DILG, all its bureaus, offices and attached agencies are hereby enjoined to observe the rule of law and ensure the observance of human rights in the place or part of the country where martial law was proclaimed and the prerogative writ
of liberty suspended,' he added.
Mandamus in Latin means literally "we command." (12) Historically, the writ of mandamus was considered a "highly prerogative writ
, usually issuing out of the highest court of general jurisdiction" in order to direct an "inferior court within the jurisdiction to do some particular thing therein specified, and which appertains to their office or duty." (13) It is a product of the British common law and derived from the Magna Carta--introduced to ampliate justice by preventing "disorders" in the judicial system.
(103) Ellicott Committee suggested that if the Kerr Committee's recommendations were implemented then '[a] person aggrieved will no longer have to run the risk of applying for the wrong remedy'--Australia, Parliament, Report of the Committee of Review on Prerogative Writ
Procedure (Ellicott Committee Report), Parl Paper No 56, 1973, 5-6 .
substance of prerogative writ
appeals, and thus actions in lieu of
What we know now as the "Great Writ" originated as the "prerogative writ
of the Crown," (5) its original purpose being to bring people within the jurisdiction into court, rather than out of imprisonment.
In his "Land Use--Prerogative Writ Actions" lecture, Elward discussed all aspects of prerogative writ
actions in land use related matters, including the procedural aspects of filing a complaint, establishing the record, and how to deal with planning boards.
Implicitly, however, it indicates that whether the Supreme Court is empowered to issue a particular prerogative writ
depends, in the first instance, on whether Congress authorized it to do so.
The broad construction given to a "fundamental liberty interest" is demonstrated by the range of claims cognizable on habeas at common law.(117) As a prerogative writ
, habeas corpus required an explanation for any deprivation of an individual's liberty,(118) Courts thus recognized that liberty could be endangered not only by the state, but by private actors as well.(119)
Weintraub, English Origins of Judicial Review by Prerogative Writ
: Certiorari and Mandamus, 9 N.Y.L.F.