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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In short, preterm births of male infants were 1,342 more than the expected number of 36,828 and preterm births of female infants were 995 more than the expected number of 30,687.
During that time, there were 2,337 more preterm births to Hispanic women than expected, the researchers reported.
After taking account of other factors that might be important, they found that preterm birth (less than 37 weeks) was associated with a nearly twofold increased risk of CKD into mid-adulthood (9.24 per 100,000 person-years).
Currently, there is no treatment or prevention for spontaneous preterm birth, but McElrath hopes that prognosis will serve as an important first step toward therapy, particularly as investigators gain insights into its biological causes.
In the United States, one in ten babies are born prematurely, before 37 weeks; and according to the 2017 March of Dimes Premature Report Card, the preterm birth rate has been rising since 2015.
"Our understanding of spontaneous preterm birth is relatively limited.
At present time in Romania complete population data on preterm birth does not exist, but limited number of articles can be searched on the internet using preterm, birth and Romania as keywords (6-12).
Preterm birth (before 37 completed weeks' gestation) was divided into subgroups of extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks' gestation), very preterm (28 weeks' to less than 32 weeks' gestation), and moderate/late preterm (32 weeks' gestation to less than 37 weeks' gestation).
Preterm births are one of the leading causes of death of children under five years of age.
"Fathers are also affected by the risk of preterm birth, and the risk seemed to continue to exert psychological strain, even among fathers whose partners went on to have a normal-term delivery," said Ms.
Background: Preterm birth is a common cause of death in newborns and may result from many determinants, but evidence for the socioeconomic and environmental determinants of preterm birth in Tibetan women of childbearing age is limited.