and several subsidiaries in a representative action under Californias Private Attorneys General
Act (PAGA) on behalf of newspapers carriers who are not employed directly by her clients, but rather are engaged by independent newspaper distributors.
These include bills similar to California's decade-old Private Attorneys General
Act, which lets employees sidestep arbitration clauses by bringing claims on behalf of the government.
Van Amburg said she and her fellow SLU grads were inspired by a clinic they'd taken on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which allowed lawyers to act as private attorneys general
to enforce the law's antidiscrimination provisions.
Fee-shifting and private attorneys general
enforcement are not novel concepts, either in federal or Maryland law.
Congress intended that private litigants would primarily enforce the ADA, and hotels risk the costs of litigation, including class action litigation by private attorneys general
. According to Orlick, when exposed to private litigation, it can include damages in many jurisdictions, including attorneys' fees and costs.
In addition, justices said unions cannot bring representative actions under the state's five-year-old Private Attorneys General
Act because they are not "aggrieved employees."
Resources are scarce for government enforcement, and few "private attorneys general
" are willing to step forward.
needs private attorneys general
to assist in protecting victims'
Schwarzenegger helped revise the California Private Attorneys General
Act of 2004, which created new penalty risks for employers and formed the cornerstone of hundreds of class-action lawsuits alleging Labor Code violations ranging from overtime pay practices to workplace poster font size infractions.
Simmons said it was key, in his opinion, to empower residents to act as "private attorneys general
" to enforce the law, noting the legislature had enacted similar provisions in other laws.
The theory behind this departure from the traditional rule under which each side pays its own costs is that the plaintiffs are serving a role in the legal system that extends beyond their own interests, acting as "private attorneys general
" to vindicate federally guaranteed rights.
Legislative use of private attorneys general
to enforce set norms has long been a familiar part of American government.