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A close, direct, or successive relationship; having a mutual interest or right.

Privity refers to a connection or bond between parties to a particular transaction. Privity of contract is the relationship that exists between two or more parties to an agreement. Privity of estate exists between a lessor and a lessee, and privity of possession is the relationship between parties in successive possession of real property.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. contact, connection or mutual interest between parties. The term is particularly important in the law of contracts, which requires that there be "privity" if one party to a contract can enforce the contract by a lawsuit against the other party. Thus, a tenant of a buyer of real property cannot sue the former owner (seller) of the property for failure to make repairs guaranteed by the land sales contract between seller and buyer since the tenant was not "in privity" with the seller. (See: contract)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

PRIVITY. The mutual or successive relationship to the same rights of property. 1 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 189; 6 How. U. S. R. 60.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under Glass, a plaintiff can be in privity with a defendant but not have sufficient "standing" to be able to enforce a contract or actions arising out of the contract.
Moreover, we have consistently held that even assuming issue preclusion does not depend upon jeopardy having attached in the prior proceeding issue preclusion requires 'that the party to be precluded from relitigating an issue decided in a previous litigation was either a party or in privity with a party to that prior litigation.' Here, Rosado-Cancel has not argued that the federal prosecutors were in privity with the Commonwealth prosecutors, and his issue preclusion claim would therefore fail on the merits even if it were not waived."
Where in a dispute over the ownership of a guitar originally owned by Elvis Presley, appellant challenged the judgment in favor of the museum currently in possession of the instrument, arguing that a Tennessee judgment in his favor should be given preclusive effect, the judgment is affirmed because the museum could not be bound by the Tennessee judgment since it was not in privity to the party in the first suit.
"We have actual information that confirms that this happens with the privity of the US military, who control the 55-kilometer zone around its illegal Al-Tanf base on the Syrian territory," she added.
However, the doctrine of collateral estoppel is not applicable here, as plaintiff was not named in the Civil Court, Queens County, action, and, thus, plaintiff was not in privity with the assignor (see Gramatan Home Invs.
Lindsay, which marked a departure from the general rule requiring privity between a claimant and an attorney in a malpractice action.
Taccad said that under the doctrine of privity of contracts, the government could only transact with 'prime contractors' like Hyundai, and not the CMS supplier.
The court stated the claims servicer was not in privity with the appraiser, never acquired a right to file negligence claims, and therefore lacked standing to sue for professional negligence.
Where there is privity of contract and the parties have negotiated that contract from comparative bargaining positions, the parties are able to allocate the risk of all loss, including the loss of the product.
Sally has no contract remedies available to her because she is not in privity of contract with the attorney, so her only recourse is in tort.
Wright, (26) where the concept of "privity" is first developed.
It is a partnership between du, Jumeirah, Cream, Privity, DigitUs, International Culinary Centre for Culinary Arts Dubai, SquareCircle Tech, Travelex, Flyin and Pricewaterhousecoopers.