Prize Courts


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Prize Courts

Tribunals with jurisdiction to decide disputes involving captures made upon the high seas during times of war and to declare the captured property as a prize if it is lawfully subject to that sentence.

In England, admiralty courts possess jurisdiction as prize courts, in addition to their customary admiralty jurisdiction. The judge of an admiralty court receives a special commission in time of war to empower him or her to conduct such proceedings.

In the United States, federal district courts have original jurisdiction to try prize cases.

Cross-references

Admiralty and Maritime Law.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was commonplace that prize courts decided cases according to the
articulated by treaty, treatise writers, and foreign prize courts. It
and prize courts applied law that was either written or expressly
(398) Moreover, prize courts in all maritime nations emphasized that
But prize courts were also municipal courts of justice applying
OF PRIZE COURTS 29-31 (Frederic Thomas Pratt ed., London, William
From an institutional perspective, prize courts led
The reach of the Sierra Leone prize court would therefore extend as
The prize court at Freetown was to be the place of reckoning.
heard in the Prize Court of Appeals, (109) the case of Le Louis, which
ship Le Louis near Cape Mesurado and brought her to the prize court at
(60.) See Ahmed Safwat Bey, The Egyptian Prize Court: Organization and Procedure, 5 REVUE EGYPTIENNE DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL [R.E.D.I.] 28 (1949).