Prize Courts

Also found in: Dictionary.

Prize Courts

Tribunals with jurisdiction to decide disputes involving captures made upon the high seas during times of war and to declare the captured property as a prize if it is lawfully subject to that sentence.

In England, admiralty courts possess jurisdiction as prize courts, in addition to their customary admiralty jurisdiction. The judge of an admiralty court receives a special commission in time of war to empower him or her to conduct such proceedings.

In the United States, federal district courts have original jurisdiction to try prize cases.


Admiralty and Maritime Law.

References in periodicals archive ?
From an institutional perspective, prize courts led
The reach of the Sierra Leone prize court would therefore extend as
The prize court at Freetown was to be the place of reckoning.
heard in the Prize Court of Appeals, (109) the case of Le Louis, which
ship Le Louis near Cape Mesurado and brought her to the prize court at
59) On the same day, Egypt closed the Suez Canal to all Israeli ships, issued lists of contraband, and instituted a Prize Court in Alexandria.
It is also significant that it was argued before the Prize Court on several occasions that these measures were not valid as belligerent action since Egypt did not recognize Israel to be a state, and war--in the technical sense--can only occur between states.