# probability

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## probability

noun anticipation, appearance of truth, believability, chance, conceivability, credibility, expectation, fair chance, fair expectation, favorable chance, liability, liableness, likelihood, likeliness, odds, plausibility, possibility, presumption, promise, prospect, reasonable chance, reasonableness, tendency, veri similitudo, verisimilitude

PROBABILITY. That which is likely to happen; that which is most consonant to reason; for example, there is a strong probability that a man of a good moral character, and who has heretofore been remarkable for truth, will, when examined as a witness under oath, tell the truth; and, on the contrary, that a man who has been guilty of perjury, will not, under the same circumstances, tell the truth; the former will, therefore, be entitled to credit, while the latter will not.

References in periodicals archive ?
Probabilistic reasoning system is often employed in stages A and B to incorporate knowledge acquired from experts into the model.
There is something to be said for the opinion of the mathematician George Polya, that pure mathematics is the best place to appreciate probabilistic reasoning.
One possible explanation for these failed replications is the limited reliability of the measures employed to assess probabilistic reasoning skill.
My modest goal is to point out flaws in the probabilistic reasoning applied to evolution by the latter and show that, even in the absence of all the higher-level evolutionary mechanisms, mere random shuffling of molecules and their parts, when interp reted correctly, may lead to interesting results.
general propositional reasoning is N P-complete [Garey and Johnson 1979] (in fact, #P-hard [Valiant 1979]), as is probabilistic reasoning in the context of belief nets [Cooper 1990].
Further, we know the importance of probabilistic reasoning, and that the exigencies of human action often call for us to proceed on the basis of the "best" knowledge we can get in the circumstances.
In general, probabilistic reasoning is notoriously tricky.
5) In contrast, Achinstein has no working model of how probabilistic reasoning can produce the acceptance of the wave theory.
Probabilistic reasoning based on intensional semantics overcomes the difficulties described before.
Approximately probabilistic reasoning in Bayesian belief networks is NP-hard.
The area is moving towards a full statistical analysis and probabilistic reasoning over the inferences that can be made from mathematical models.
Rather, we should understand (4) propensity via Aristotle's analysis of spontaneity (5) and probabilistic reasoning via the anti-PP and (6) the practice of bundling one-offs, where (7) forced bad-odds one-offs illuminate how extensive a role luck plays in our lives.

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