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ADOLESCENCE, persons. That age which follows puberty and precedes the age of majority; it commences for males at fourteen, and for females at twelve years completed, and continues till twenty-one years complete.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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Cihak, Alberto, and Fredrick (2007) investigated the use of brief functional analyses with four young adults engaging in problem behaviors within a public vocational setting.
In order to determine the maintaining variables as well as test for resurgence, the participants were allowed to engage in a variety of problem behaviors, including aggression towards the researcher(s).
A review of 18 studies reported that physical exercise, such as jogging, weight training, and bike riding, can help reduce problem behaviors in individuals with ASD.
The identification of the functions of problem behaviors and, more generally, of any socially relevant behavior, has not only meant a change in assessment practices, but also a new classification of treatment methods.
Distal child- or environmental-level factors (i.e., family income above or below $25,000 per year, child's age, time in general or special education, and developmental delays status) have direct and indirect effects on children's peer victimization via their effects on more proximal factors representing school adjustment (i.e., externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors) and development (i.e., children's language, social skills development, and the development of peer relationships).
Taylor, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, looked at such autism symptoms as restricted interests, repetitive behaviors, communication impairments and difficulties with social interactions and found the degree of independence in vocational activities was uniquely related to subsequent changes in autism symptoms, other problem behaviors and activities of daily living.
In contrast, other researchers have found that music may increase individuals' problem behaviors. For instance, the presence of music increased stereotypy displayed by a boy with Down syndrome and moderate intellectual disability (Rapp, 2004), and increased disruptive behaviors (ear covering and screaming) displayed by a seven-year-old boy with pervasive developmental disorder (Buckley & Newchok, 2006).
The reproductive posturing was now categorized as a problem behavior due to the intensity, frequency, duration, and repetitive nature.
Kerr (psychology, Orebro U., Sweden) introduces nine chapters that feature recent studies tracing developmental processes that contribute to problem behaviors and ways of potentially overcoming them.
"This study provides compelling evidence that intervening with young children is a promising approach to preventing drug use and other problem behaviors," said NIDA Director Nora Volkow.