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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Any device connected to the internet--tablets, watches, readers, medical equipment, etc.--provides a gateway for hackers to gain access to your company's data or your clients' protected health information. Mobile devices are just as vulnerable as your business computers and require the same high standard of security.
Patient Request for Restriction of Protected Health Information. Available at:
HIPAA requires that covered entities apply appropriate administrative, technical, and physical safeguards to ensure the privacy of protected health information in any form when moving or closing.
About a year ago, the office looked at the data services vendors that help business associates handle protected health information. The office decided that the data services subcontractors of the covered entities' business associates are, actually, business associates of the business associates.
Protocols should carefully outline the steps for reviewing protected health information to ensure it meets the requirements of the authorization.
* Mandate disclosure of protected health information by the business associate, pursuant to contract terms to satisfy the CE's obligations regarding individual requests for copies of PHI;
Under the HIPAA Privacy Rule, patients, patients' designees, and patients' personal representatives can see or be given a copy of the patient's protected health information, including an electronic copy, with limited exceptions.
The Ninth Circuit appeals court upheld the conviction and sentence, finding that "knowingly" pertained only to the act of obtaining the protected health information - not whether he knew it was illegal to do so.
Essentially, it is one way to make your patients' protected health information (PHI) inaccessible to unauthorized individuals.
The reason: A Mass General employee left a patient schedule that included the names, diagnoses and other protected health information of 192 patients on a subway train.
E-mail between patients and physicians (or other health care providers) must be secured under the privacy rule of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act; when transfer of protected health information (PHI) occurs, even if private, such a communication falls under HIPAA's guidelines.
Only LSU physicians, nurse practitioners, and nurses have access to LaPHIE disease alerts, which constitute protected health information (PHI).

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