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A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)


(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.


(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
Henry Clay supported both the bank and protective tariffs, as well as "internal improvements"--today we call this spending on infrastructure--paid for by the federal government.
Dominated by former Whigs, the Republicans would not only put an end to slavery, they would also push through a version of Clay's American System over the next 3 o years: protective tariffs to grow American industry, a stable currency pegged to gold, and federal land grants to nurture education and transportation.
The National Turkey Federation, National Chicken Council, National Cattlemen's Beef Association and the American Meat Institute earlier began a campaign to convince members of the House Ways and Means Committee to allow the 30-year-old tax credits and protective tariff to lapse as scheduled.
Rather than free trade, the argument turns to support the idea of using protective tariffs and subsidies in areas where undeveloped countries need them, in order to grow their economies as the rich countries initially did.
Before, domestically made goods couldn't compete with cheaper foreign imports after privatizations, economic deregulation and the end of protective tariffs.
7) In the United States, industries that produce goods for export, such as the farming industry, are willing to lobby against industries seeking protective tariffs, such as the steel industry.
Improved trade relations with the European Union and a generalized decline in protective tariffs has whetted the appetite of the average Turkish consumer for a wide range of imported durable and non-durable goods.
If the cost of protective tariffs is passed on to final consumers, it will further punish beef sales in this increasingly price-sensitive market.
Subtopics include scandals, foreign affairs, personalities, protective tariffs and other areas of interest.
Proton has had a disagreement with Japanese car maker Mitsubishi, which supplied the powertrains for Proton cars -the bigger manufacturers are now looking to sell the technology themselves into a reformed market without protective tariffs.
A congressional group is threatening to impose protective tariffs of 27 percent against all Chinese goods if Beijing doesn't raise the value of its currency.
These three economic powerhouses protect their farmers by restricting access to their markets with protective tariffs, while also subsidizing domestic agricultural production and providing export credits that allow producers to dump food on the world market at below the cost of production.