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Psychostimulants such as intravenous, intranasal, and smoked cocaine also activate the HPA axis, increasing the secretion of cortisol (Mello and Mendelson 1997).
Psychostimulants available on the drug market in South Africa comprise cocaine and the amphetamines including chemically related substances such as methamphetamine and ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine).
The chemical structures of most common psychostimulants share the features of
There are limited studies involving the use of psychostimulants in the neurological patient.
24) Psychostimulants have been established as the drugs of choice in the management of ADHD for all age groups.
The decision to place a child on psychostimulant medications such as Ritalin can only be made by a physician and with the parental consent.
Most family doctors and pediatricians have been approached by distraught parents requesting psychostimulants for their children who have been labeled a behavior problem by their schools.
Present treatments comprise psychostimulants, like modafinil or amphetamine-like compounds, to fight EDS and sodium oxybate or antidepressants against cataplexy attacks.
Hands down, the most effective treatment for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is psychostimulants.
This is the first indication that it will work on psychostimulants.
Callaghan of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, and his associates pulled together three co- horts for the study: 207,831 patients admitted for appendicitis, 35,335 patients admitted for a cocaine-related ICD-9 code, and 40,472 patients admitted for ICD-9 codes related to amphetamine or other psychostimulants (Drug Alcohol Depend.
DAT is the main site of action for the psychostimulants cocaine and methamphetamine.