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There are two kinds of fiber: insoluble fiber, which includes wheat bran, and soluble fiber, which includes psyllium seed or husk, oat bran, and fruit pectin.
When colitis patients were given 10 grams of psyllium seed twice a day, their remission was the same as when they took drugs containing mesalamine.
Herbal pharmaceutical laxatives, fiber and colon detox supplements, such as psyllium seed husks alone or mixed with other agents, aloe vera powder, betonite clay, and acidophilus culture can also be used.
Almost three years ago, FDA gave processors the green light on a claim linking diets high in soluble fiber from oat bran and whole oats with a reduced risk of CHD, it was quickly followed by approval of the same claim for soluble fiber from psyllium seed husks.
Finally there is Total Bran and All Your Fibre, containing psyllium seed husks, pumpkin seeds, bran sticks and flax seeds in a muesli base.
Last February FDA ruled that manufacturers may label foods containing soluble fiber from psyllium seed husk and permitted manufacturers to claim that these foods, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
Kellogg's Bran Buds have wheat bran plus psyllium seed husk, the stuff in laxatives like Metamucil.
Thirty contributors have jointly written the 23 chapters whose titles are: Introduction to industrial gums; Conformational origins of polysaccharide solution and gel properties; Chemical modification of gums; Biosynthesis of extracellular polysaccharides (exopolysaccharides); Agar; Algin; Carrageenan; Guar, locust bean, tara and fenugreek gums; Aloe, chia, flaxseed, okra, psyllium seed, quince seed and tamarind gums; Pectin; Hemicelluloses; Exudate gums; Xanthan, gellan, welan and rhamsan; Dextran; Curdlan; Pullulan; Scleroglucan; Methylcellulose and its derivatives; Hydroxyalkyl and ethyl esters of cellulose; Sodium carboxymethylcellulose; Starch-based gums; Chitin; and Analysis of gums in foods.
Valerian root Draft Community herbal monograph (EMEA/HMPC/340719/2005) Draft entry to the list (EMEA/HMPC/340779/2005) Linseed Draft Community herbal monograph (EMEA/HMPC/340849/2005) Draft entry to the list (EMEA/HMPC/340854/2005) Ispaghula husk Draft Community herbal monograph (EMEA/HMPC/340857/2005) Ispaghula seed Draft Community herbal monograph (EMEA/HMPC/340861/2005) Psyllium seed Draft Community herbal monograph (EMEA/HMPC/340865/2005)
Psyllium seed husk products approved this year, for example, are allowed to claim both a cholesterol-lowering benefit, as well as a gastrointestinal health benefit ("regulates the intestines").