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The intentional and malicious destruction of or damage to the property of another.

The intentional destruction of property is popularly referred to as vandalism. It includes behavior such as breaking windows, slashing tires, spray painting a wall with graffiti, and destroying a computer system through the use of a computer virus. Vandalism is a malicious act and may reflect personal ill will, although the perpetrators need not know their victim to commit vandalism. The recklessness of the act imputes both intent and malice.

Because the destruction of public and private property poses a threat to society, modern statutes make vandalism a crime. The penalties upon conviction may be a fine, a jail sentence, an order to pay for repairs or replacement, or all three. In addition, a person who commits vandalism may be sued in a civil tort action for damages so that the damaged property can be repaired or replaced.

Vandalism is a general term that may not actually appear in criminal statutes. Frequently, these statutes employ the terms criminal mischief, malicious mischief, or malicious trespass as opposed to vandalism. A group of individuals can be convicted of conspiring or acting concertedly to commit vandalism. Generally, the attempt to commit vandalism is an offense as well, but the penalties for attempted vandalism are not as severe as the penalties for a completed act. Penalties also depend on the value of the property destroyed or the cost of repairing it.

To obtain a conviction the prosecution must ordinarily prove that the accused damaged or destroyed some property, that the property did not belong to the accused, and that the accused acted willfully and with malice. In the absence of proof of damage, the defendant may be guilty of Trespass, but not vandalism. If there is no proof that the defendant intentionally damaged the property, the defendant cannot be convicted of the crime but can be held liable for monetary damages in a civil action.

Some state statutes impose more stringent penalties for the destruction of certain types of property. Such statutes might cover the desecration of a church or synagogue, the destruction of jail or prison property by inmates, and the intentional destruction of property belonging to a public utility.

Destructive acts will not be excused merely because the defendants acted out of what they thought was a noble purpose. Political demonstrators may exercise their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Association and Assembly, but if they deface, for example, government property with spray-painted slogans, they can be convicted of vandalism.

The peak period for committing relatively minor property crimes is between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one. In the United States adolescent vandalism, including the wanton destruction of schools, causes millions of dollars of damage each year. Apprehending vandals is often difficult, and the costs of repairing the damage are passed on to taxpayers, private property owners, and insurance companies. Some states hold parents financially responsible for vandalism committed by their minor children, up to specified limits. These statutes are designed to encourage parental supervision and to shift part of the cost of vandalism from the public to the individuals who are best able to supervise the children who destroyed the property.


Juvenile Law.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


destruction of, or damage to, property, usually but not necessarily maliciously. Scots law has a statutory offence that criminalizes this behaviour.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
"Pure vandalism" was how an off icial described damage at Ravensknowle Park, Dalton.
It was pure vandalism. It's such an inconvenience because we were so busy anyway getting all the food." He said The Bellini had been broken into several times during 2006.
A smaller hand was also bent in what has been described as an act of pure vandalism.: FROM PAGE 11: VANDALS STEAL CLOCK HANDS FROM CASTLE:Thieves have stolen the clock hands from one of Cardiff's most famous landmarks.
PURE VANDALISM:Alan Bleasdale (inset below left) at his parent's graveside(right) in a flattened West Derby Cemetery (mainpicture and; inset above) Pictures: JASON ROBERTS
"This is pure vandalism. The people inside were looting what was left from yesterday," said fireman Omar Tobon.
"It was just pure vandalism. It was horrendous," he said.
I'd created a character who did what I thought was pure vandalism ( turned the wall into an 84-mile long theme park complete with monorail inside a perspex weather-proof tunnel.
It is pure vandalism to wipe out scenic villages and beautiful country areas, with settled families and elderly people having to move to strange territory.
"I think this is pure vandalism and not by pigeon people as my birds weren't yet regular winners.