Quod cum

QUOD CUM, pleading; It is a general rule in pleading, regulating alike every form of action, that the plaintiff shall state his complaint in positive and direct terms, and not by way of recital. "For that," is a positive allegation; "for that whereas," in Latin "quod cum," is a recital
     2. Matter of inducement may with propriety be stated with a quod cum, by way of recital; being but introductory to the breach of the promise, and the supposed fraud or deceit in the defendant's non-performance of it. Therefore, where the plaintiff declared that whereas there was a communication and agreement concerning a horse race, and whereas, in consideration that the plaintiff promised to perform his part of the agreement, the defendant promised to perform his part thereof; and then alleged the performance in the usual way; it was held that the inducement and promise were alleged certainly enough, and that the word "whereas" was as direct an affirmation as the word "although," which undoubtedly makes a good averment; and it was observed that there were two precedents in the new book of entries, and seven in the old, where a quod cum was used in the very clause of the promise. Ernly v. Doddington, Hard. 1. go, where the plaintiff declared on a bill of exchange against the drawer, and on demurrer to the declaration, it was objected that it was with a quod cum, which was argumentative, and implied no direct averment; the objection was over-ruled, because assumpsit is an action on the case, although it might have been otherwise in trespass vi et armis. March v. Southwell, 2 Show. 180. The reason of this distinction is, that in assumpsit or other action on the case, the statement of the gravamen, or grievance, always follows some previous matter, which is introduced by the quod cum, and is dependent or consequent upon it; and the quod cum only refers to that introductory matter, which leads on to the subsequent statement, which statement is positively and directly alleged. For example, the breach in an action of assumpsit is always preceded by the allegation of the consideration or promise, or some inducement thereto, which leads onto the breach of it, which is stated positively and directly; and the previous allegations only, which introduce it, are stated with a quod cum, by way of recital.
     3. But in trespass vi et armis, the act of trespass complained of is usually stated without any introductory matter having reference to it, or to which a quod cum can be referred; so that if a quod cum be used, there is no positive or direct allegation of that act. Sherland v. Heat 214. After verdict the quod cum may be considered as surplusage, the defect being cured by the verdict. Horton v. Mink, 1 Browne's R. 68; Com. Dig. Pleader, C 86.

References in periodicals archive ?
quod cum uiderimus, ibi actum esse finitum debemus agnoscere confundit saepe lectorem illud, quod persona in superiore scaena desinens et in proxima incipiens loqui non intellegitur ingressa, quod ipsum experientes statim diiudicant de rerum ac temporum quantitate".
6 ad 5 : "Ad quintum dicendum, quod cum omnimoda unitas sit ex parte Dei, et multiplicitas ex parte creaturarum, sicut oportet quod in Deo intelligente plures creaturas sit una forma intelligibilis per essentiam, et multi respectus ad diversas creaturas; ita in intellectu nostro ex multiplicitate creaturarum in Deum ascendente, oportet quod sint multae species habentes relationes ad unum Deum".
Arguebant autem illam decipi super eo, quod assereret, adiungentes quod eam igni et verberibus attrectassent; quod cum illa constanter negaret, quia profecto nihil senserat, tandem carnis usturam atque verberum signa cognoscens, vix quod asserebatur, ut verum accepit.
Duvernoy, 2:94: "contigit enim sibi, ut dixit, quod cum quadam die iret ad ecclesiam Sancte Crucis ad missam audiendam, audivit a quibusdam mulieribus, de quarum nominibus dixit se non recordari, quod nocte precedenti quadam mulier quandam filiam [Duvernoy adds 'pepererat'] in via intus castrum de Muro Veteri, ita quod non potuerat pervenisse ad hospicium, quo audito cogitavit turpitudo quam emittunt mulieres pariendo, et cum videret elevari in altari corpus Domini, habuit cogitationem ex ilia turpitudine quod esset infectum corpus Domini, et quod et [Duvernoy corrects to 'ex'] hoc inicit in dictum errorem credentie videlicit quod non esset ibi corpus Domini Iesu Christi.
Praecipua tamen in hoc conveniunt, quod cum motus et apparentiae coelestes sint sphaericae, curvilineae, nobis vero terrarum incolis substrata sit facies horizontis plana, parietesque sint ad ejus perpendiculum erecti, corpora denique, quae manibus tractamus, aut planitiebus terminentur meris, aut mixtis saltem ex recto et curvo, instrumenta igitur nobis illa tractatu faciliora sunt, in quipus curvum in rectum est immutatum, cujusmodi sunt e primariis regulae circuli divisionibus exsculptae, quadrata geometrica dictae, astrolabia, et propter aedificiorum planos parietes, sciaterica, instrumentum usum obtinens latissime terra marique patentem, quo vix carere amplius humana vita protest.
Quod cum ruri essem, eta villico meo factum fuisset, illi Plautini huius carminis interpretationem fere acceptam tuli, adeo non minus quandoque usus ipse confert quam assidua lectio.
3, ad 13: "[D]efectus qui preintelligltur in uoluntate ante peccatum, non est culpa neque pena, set negatio pura; set accipit rationem culpe ex hoc ipso quod cum tali negatione se applicat ad opus: ex ipsa enim applicatione ad opus fit debitum illud bonum quo caret, scilicet attendere actu ad regulam rationis et legis diuine.
Primo, quod cum proprium sit omnium virtutum rectum perficere opus, rectitudo tamen reliquarum virtutum existimatur in ordine ad ipsum agentem, iustitia vero in ordine ad alterum.
Meum semper fuit iudicium, qui eximia corporis pulchritudine praestarent esse quoque divino quodam ingenio praeditos et ab ipsa natura institutos ad omne genus elegantiae, quod cum in aliis multis videre liceat, tum in hoc adolescente perspicuum est.
Sed contra est, quod cum omne animal moveat seipsum per appetitum, alia tamen animalia ab homine non habent liberam electionem: quia eorum appetitus a quodam exteriori movente movetur, scilicet ex virtute corporis coelestis, vel ex actione alicuius alterius corporis.