Bridge

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BRIDGE. A building constructed over a river, creek, or other stream, or ditch or other place, in order to facilitate the passage over the same. 3 Harr. 108.
     2. Bridges are of several kinds, public and private. Public bridges may be divided into, 1st. Those which belong to the public; as state, county, or township bridges, over which all the people have a right to pass, with or without paying toll these are built by public authority at the public expense, either of the state itself, or a district or part of the state.
     3. - 2d. Those which have been built by companies, or at the expense of private individuals, and over Which all the people have a right to pass, on the payment of a toll fixed by law. 3d. Those which have been built by private individuals and which have been dedicated to public uses. 2 East, R. 356; 5 Burr. R. 2594; 2 Bl. R. 685 1 Camp. R. 262, n.; 2 M. & S. 262.
     4. A private bridge is one erected for the use of one or more private persons; such a bridge will not be considered a public bridge, although it may be occasionally used by the public. 12 East, R. 203-4. Vide 7 Pick. R. 844; 11 Pet. R. 539; 7 N. H. Rcp. 59; 1 Pick. R. 432; 4 John. Ch. R. 150.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
How many know of the defunct Scotswood Railway Bridge? But first, what of a whole host of Scotswood Bridges, past and present.
The height of the railway bridge had been lowered because of wooden slats to allow new mortar to set.
He said: "Many of us don't use cars and instead use pedestrian footpaths and have to walk under several railway bridges.
NETWORK Rail has slammed the "stupidity of lorry drivers" who crash into railway bridges.
This construction was a part of the process of replacing 100-year-old railway bridges on the Saharanpur-Lucknow route where speed restriction was in force from last five years.
For railway bridges with concrete slab track, DS804 [3] and KR C-08090 [4] present criteria for evaluating the serviceability of the ends and suggest major factors influencing bridge deformation.
RAILWAY bridges across West Yorkshire are getting a "bashing" from drivers of high-sided HGVs.
Since railway bridges and viaducts operate under variable cyclic loading, the basic strength parameter responsible for their bearing capacity is the fatigue strength of the material used for the structural elements.
Send us details and a picture to esh.capelo@trinitymirror.com - and let's get Birmingham's railway bridges up to scratch.
Editor Scott (no affiliation given) collects the work of researchers worldwide as they present papers on these themes: infrastructure market in Europe; occupancy rates in European railways; railway-generated magnetic field; cost pricing of noise; improving planning support; fatigue life of existing railway bridges; steel railway bridge maintenance; train wheel detection systems; track stiffness considerations; ultrasonic monitoring of thermal stress in continuous welded rail, and a couple of shorter pieces of commentary including an appealing look back at a French photographer's 1908 series of twenty-two postcard renderings of a Lagos, Africa steam tram.
"This study is a good illustration of why we should not get rid of old railway bridges. For example I have strongly opposed any plans to get rid of the historic railway bridge at Bretton near Broughton," he said.