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Related to Rational inference: reasonableness, deductive reasoning


In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the basic goal of the antidiscrimination paradigm were not already clear, cases of disparate impact, which focus explicitly on the outcomes of decision making rather than on the process, demonstrate these laws' manifestly egalitarian goal and destroy any pretence that they are concerned with enforcing rational inference.
Hence, as Reppert finds, (1) if naturalism is true, then no states of the person can be either true or false; (2) some states of the person can be true or false (implied by the existence of rational inference); and (3) therefore, naturalism is false (2003, p.77).
But there can be rational inferences both to and from explanations.
Among specific topics are of the greatness of learned cognition, of learned rational inferences, and of the learned style of writing.
He calls it "rational causation," which consists, briefly, in the manifestation of a mental ability self-consciously to represent rational inferences holding between propositions (and sometimes actions).
Coverage encompasses statistical modelling, methods for comparing and summarizing evidence from several studies, modern methods in applied statistics (two chapters new to this edition), translating results for clinically useful prognosis indices, and making rational inferences in the absence of complete data.