real estate

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Real Estate

Land, buildings, and things permanently attached to land and buildings. Also called realty and real property.

Real estate is the modern term for land and anything that is permanently affixed to it. Fixtures include buildings, fences, and things attached to buildings, such as plumbing, heating, and light fixtures. Property that is not affixed is regarded as Personal Property. For example, furniture and draperies are items of personal property.

The sale and lease of real estate in the United States are major economic activities and are regulated by state and federal laws. The two major types of real estate are commercial and residential real estate. Commercial real estate involves the sale and lease of property for business purposes. Residential real estate involves the sale and rental of land and houses to individuals and families for daily living.

The sale of residential property is heavily regulated. All states require real estate agents and brokers, who earn a commission from the owner of real estate for selling the property, to be licensed. To get a license, a person must have a high school diploma, be at least eighteen years old, and pass a written test on real estate principles and law.

Since the 1970s, home buyers have been given additional protection under the law. Many states and municipalities require a seller of real estate to file a truth-in-housing statement. A seller must disclose any problems with the home, such as a wet basement or the presence of termites, on the form. Failure to disclose this information can result in the revocation of the purchase agreement or a lawsuit by the buyers against the seller for Fraud. In addition, some laws require an inspector to visit the property to determine if there are any problems.

Most purchases of residential real estate require the buyer to obtain a mortgage from a bank or other lending institution. The lending institution receives a security interest on the real estate, which means that if the borrower defaults in paying back the mortgage, the institution can obtain title to the property and resell it to pay off the mortgage debt.

The federal government enacted the Real Estate Settlement Procedure Act of 1974 (RESPA) (12 U.S.C.A. § 2601 et seq.) to ensure that the buyer of residential real estate is made aware of the many costs associated with the sale. RESPA mandates that a federally insured lending institution give the buyer advance notice of all the costs to be paid on the date of closing the transactions. These costs typically include the cost of property surveys, appraisals, title searches, brokers' fees, and administrative and processing charges.

Cross-references

Sales Law.

real estate

n. land, improvements and buildings thereon, including attached items and growing things. It is virtually the same as "real property," except real property includes interests which are not physical such as a right to acquire the property in the future. (See: real property)

real estate

noun acreage, block, chattels real, estate, fee, freehold, ground, hereditament, land, landed estate, lot, parcel, plot, property, real property, realty
See also: demesne, domain, estate, fee, holding, immovable, land, parcel, premises, property, realty
References in periodicals archive ?
"Korea's real estate market had enjoyed a long rally for years during the Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye administrations," an NH NonhHyup Bank loan division researcher said.
I believe that such exhibitions revive the buying and selling movement in the real estate market.'
In conclusion, it is likely that the REITs in the Kuwaiti jurisdiction will flourish during the next few years particularly under well established capital market regulations and with non-Kuwaiti citizens being able to subscribe in REITs and indirectly invest in the Kuwait real estate market. REITs in Kuwait should help to organise the real estate commercial market as well as helping to protect investors from the unpredictable values of real estate.
According to an economic consultant in Saudi real estate affairs, KSA's real estate market has achieved a remarkable performance.
Christopher Steel, managing partner of Savills Oman, echoed the belief that confidence in the real estate market is resurfacing.
This article sets out data about the real estate market development since 2000; it discusses details of macroeconomic situation in this period.
To learn more about the UNECE forum or to view a copy of the developing Real Estate Markets Advisory Checklist, visit www.tecnoborsa.com/EN/page.aspx?tid=210.
"The J-REIT market has contributed a lot to the turnaround of the real estate market in general.
The North Bay real estate market continues to turn over houses at a rate that surpasses those of previous years.
interest rate cuts, for now, back him up: "The real estate market isn't nose-diving."
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 30, 2019-: IT in Real Estate Market to Eyewitness Massive Growth by key players IBM, ORACLE, MRI SOFTWARE

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