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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Normativity to Responsibility is a valuable resource for anyone working on reasons and normativity simply by virtue of the fact that it gathers together essays which in many cases have shaped the current debate in this field, a field in which Joseph Raz is rightly acknowledged as a dominant figure since early and decisive contributions such as Practical Reason and Norms (1975 and 1999) and Engaging Reason (1999).
In Article 1, Aquinas makes clear that natural law is not a habit "properly and essentially," because "natural law is something appointed by reason, just as a proposition is a work of reason." (24) "[N]atural law may be called a habit," however, in the sense that "the precepts of the natural law," or at least "the first principles of human actions," (25) are held habitually by synderesis.
If the function of reason is to argue, then those who specialize in argument are in the best position to offer theories of argument's function.
In a book entitled The Incoherence of the Philosophers, he argued that God is not bound by reason, that "natural" links between causes and effects are illusory, and that there is no rationality in the universe, thus denying the very possibility of scientific investigation.
Of course a person might hold a belief p on religious grounds, but p might also be justified to others on nonreligious grounds in a manner that appeals to reason. The Principle of Political Legitimacy would require the religious person in such a situation to translate the basis of the epistemic justification for p into a civic, public reason in order to justify p to others.
Nature and amount: If the requesting spouse knows the nature of the item but not the specific amount, he or she has the requisite knowledge or reason to know.
And he lied again about the reason for attacking Iraq in 1991--hardly to defend the integrity of Kuwait (can one imagine Bush heartstricken over Iraq's taking of Kuwait?), rather to assert U.S.
You can buy into the promise because it gives you its proof element, its reason why, right in the headline.
Those who were abstinent were given a list and asked to indicate all reasons for their decision.
As always, when the implicit borders of a common sense or common ratio are threatened, then the concept of reason explicitly appears in statements and in the formation of new laws.
The former involves the use of the senses, and the latter is concerned with the exercise of theoretical reason, speculation and hypothesis.