The difference in the way recidivists
are treated compared to ordinary offenders is so pronounced that we now effectively have a bifurcated or twin-track sentencing system: one track provides harsh penalties for offenders with prior convictions and the other treats first timers leniently.(42)
such as Margaret Williams still offended frequently, despite an outward compliance with the system; co-operation did not inspire "reform." Rather than interpreting adherence to the regime as a passive measure, we can view it as a more active response, evidence of a multiplicity of disciplines within the penal institution and the wider community.
* Patients that were recidivists
and inpatients at the time of data collection were included provided that consent was obtained.
Second, we focused on aggression differences among three different migrant youth groups of nonoffenders, onset-offenders, and recidivists
. Several scholars have examined differences in aggression between offenders and nonoffenders.
accounted for 430 (38 percent) convictions, and only 13 convictions (1.1 percent) involved women.
Although reaching a sensitivity of 77% and a specificity of 57.26%, the authors did not offer the AUC or the positive predictive value (percentage of real violent recidivists
predicted compared to the total number of violent recidivists
The bill would also triple the penalty cap for recidivists
who have been held criminally or civilly liable for securities fraud in the last five years.
There are the comic antics of his mutts Wooly and Zoom, "pain-filled recidivists
" who keep learning anew that porcupines possess projectile quills, and who help Gus interpret the meaning of his I Ching readings: "Wooly pushed his pie tin under the stove.
The statutes certainly reflect the long-standing belief that recidivists
are more deserving of punishment.
The cohort was comprised of 619 primaries and 267 recidivists
. 'Psychoactive Substance Use' and 'Disorders of Adult Personality and Behavior' categories were related to recidivism, whereas 'Organic Mental Disorders', 'Mood Disorders', and 'Stress-related Disorders' were related to primary offenders.
Will England still send its recidivists
over the border?
(17) The message both California and Georgia are trying to send to recidivists
, although not equally clear in California's case, is that if you continually commit a certain class of felonies, you are going to prison for life.