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The confirmation or Acknowledgment of the existence of an act performed, of an event that transpired, or of a person who is authorized by another to act in a particular manner.

In tax law, a capital gain is recognized when a taxpayer has actually received payment. Such gain must then be reported on Income Tax forms, and capital gains tax must be paid on it.

In International Law, the term recognition refers to the formal acknowledgment by one state that another state exists as a separate and independent government. Recognition is not a mere technicality. A state has no status among nations until it is recognized by other states, in spite of the fact that it might possess all other attributes of a state, including a definable territory and population, a recognizable government, and a certain amount of continuity or stability.

The decision to recognize a new national government is a political act that is in the discretion of the officials who are responsible for foreign policy. In the United States, the president makes the decision to recognize a country and can do so by making a formal announcement or by having another official, such as the Secretary of State, make the announcement for him. Recognition can also be informal, such as by opening negotiations with a new state or exchanging diplomats with it.

A nation is not truly sovereign and independent unless other nations recognize its sovereignty. Formal recognition operates to assure a new state that it will be permitted to hold its place and rank as an independent political body among the nations.

Recognition takes effect from the time it is given as if the state had always existed, and a new government can carry forward international projects initiated by the old government it replaces.Many difficulties come into play when a government is not recognized. For example, an unrecognized government is not entitled to participate in diplomatic negotiations or to have its laws applied in lawsuits or in jurisdictions.

The term recognition is also used in relation to armed conflicts. If a state of belligerency is recognized, then the law of war applies with all of its protections for prisoners of war and noncombatants. Recognition of a state of belligerency ordinarily comes from an uninvolved state that declares itself neutral. A neutral country is able to recognize a state of belligerency and carry on trade and diplomatic relations with both sides of the conflict.


noun acceptance, acknowledgment, admission, apperception, appreciation, approval, audition, avowal, award, awareness, citation, cognizance, commemoration, comprehension, consideration, detection, diagnosis, discovery, distinguishment, divination, espial, finding, floor, identification, insight, insite, knowledge, memory, nod, notice, perception, prize, realization, recall, regard, remembrance, reward, thanks, tribute
Associated concepts: identification of a defendent
See also: acceptance, acknowledgment, adoption, appreciation, apprehension, approval, assent, certification, character, charter, cognition, comprehension, compromise, concession, franchise, heed, identification, intelligence, knowledge, license, notice, notoriety, perception, realization, reason, recollection, remembrance, reputation, respect, reward, sanction, scienter, sense, understanding

RECOGNITION, contracts. An acknowledgment that something which has been done by one man in the name of another, was done by authority of the latter.
     2. A recognition by the principal of the agency of another in the particular instance, or in similar instances, is evidence of the authority of the agent, so that the recognition may be either express or implied. As an instance of an implied recognition may be mentioned the case of one who subscribes policies in the name of another and, upon a loss happening, the latter pays the amount. 1 Camp. R. 43, n. a; 1 Esp. Cas. 61; 4 Camp. R. 88.

References in periodicals archive ?
It happens because the chosen restriction enzyme (Bg/I) has two separated recognition sites (Fig.
The issues that remain to be determined include (a) where the proBNP processing occurs after secretion, (b) what protease works as a convertase for the secreted proBNP, (c) how the BNP convertase can access the recognition site in proBNP that is likely masked by glycosylation, and (d) whether CHF patients have any defect in the processing steps of secreted proBNP.
Point mutations located on the PARV4-O recognition site were retrieved in amplicons originating from samples positive with PARV4-N assay (Figure).
The distinguishing feature of this project is that the recognition site for the carbohydrate target is spontaneously formed, driven by the carbohydrate target itself.
Ganaxolone modulates inhibitory GABA-A receptors, possibly at a specific neurosteroid recognition site.
0 software, considering (when possible) the restriction endonuclease and the primer pair such that the PCR product contained a nonvariant recognition site (i.
One portion of the adapter contains the recognition site for FokI.
This seminal invention is at the origin of most current nuclease-based precise gene editing technologies involving Zinc Finger Nucleases, TALEN , Mega-TALE, BurrH Nucleases, as well as CRISPR, which all are chimeric endonucleases comprising a DNA binding sequence and a DNA cleavage domain with a recognition site of at least 12 base pairs (bp.
Type IIS restriction enzymes have the important characteristic of cleaving DNA strands at points outside their recognition site.
The benzodiazepine binding site occurs at the interface between alpha and gamma2 subunits, and sedative hypnotic drugs that bind here increase the affinity of GABA for its own recognition site (that lies between the alpha and beta subunits).
Type IIS restriction enzymes such as MmeI, FokI, and BstF5I cleave DNA outside the recognition sequence: MmeI, 20 bases 3' to the recognition site on one strand and 18 bases from the recognition site on the other strand, leaving a 2-base overhang protruding 3' end; FokI, 9 bases 3' to the recognition site on one strand and 13 bases from the recognition site on the other strand, leaving a 4-base overhang protruding 5' end; BstF5I, 2 bases 3' to the recognition site on one strand and immediately 3' to the recognition site on the opposite strand, leaving a 2-base overhang.
Performance recognition site for the Forestry Commission saperskiego Strzalowo.