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reconventionthe doctrine in private international law that allows a party sued in one jurisdiction to establish jurisdiction against the party suing him, even if, leaving aside the instant action, the party sued could not have founded jurisdiction against the party suing him.
RECONVENTION, civ. law. An action brought by a party who is defendant
against the plaintiff before the same judge. Reconventio est petitio qua
reus vicissim, quid ab actore petit, ex eadem, vel diversa causa. Voet, in
tit. de Judiciis, n. 78; 4 N. S. 439. To entitle the defendant to institute
a demand in reconvention, it is requisite that such demand, though different
from the main action, be nevertheless necessarily connected with it and
incidental to the same. Code of Pr. Lo. art. 375; 11 Lo. R. 309; 7 N. S.
282; 8 N. S. 516.
2. The reconvention of the civil law was a species of cross-bill. Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 402. See Conventio; Bill in chancery. Vide Demand in reconvention.