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MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Channa Jayasena, lead author of the research said, "Traditionally doctors have focused attention on women when looking for the causes of recurrent miscarriage. The men's health - and the health of their sperm wasn't analysed."
Localization of angiogenic growth factor and their receptors in the human endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle and in recurrent miscarriages. Hum Reprod 2012;27(1):183-95.
Estrogen receptor alpha and beta gene polymorphisms are not risk factors for recurrent miscarriage in a Brazilian population.
Endometrial cell counts in recurrent miscarriage: A comparison of counting methods.
An informative protocol for the investigation of recurrent miscarriage: preliminary experience of 500 consecutive cases.
Miscarriage is the most common cause of loss: between 15-25 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage and one in 100 women trying to conceive suffer recurrent miscarriages, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies.
Prevalence of factor V G1691A (factor V-Leiden) and prothrombinG20210A gene mutations in a recurrent miscarriage population.
Recurrent miscarriage is defined as two or more consecutive pregnancy losses before 20 weeks of gestation is a common health problem affecting 15% of women at reproductive age and the etiology of 68% of recurrent abortions is unknown.
The focus is on recent changes in the specialty such as HPV vaccination, female genital mutilation, recurrent miscarriage, vaginal birth after cesarean section, invasive fetal testing, and HIV in pregnancy.
Recurrent miscarriage: pathophysiology and outcome.

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