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The process by which a tribunal sends a civil action, or a particular issue in the action, to an individual who has been appointed by the tribunal to hear and decide upon it, or to obtain evidence, and make a report to the court.



West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.

REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical reference laboratories are used to support diagnosis/analysis in patient care as well as medical research.
Age at disappearance: 16 Missing Since: 22-Nov-2017 Missing from: Plumstead, London Reference No: 17-006953
On July 6, after four extensions in the original six-month deadline to conclude all three cases, the court announced its verdict in the Avenfield reference.
Create a new EndNote library that contains only those articles for which you want to perform the reference check: included references and relevant reviews.
Earlier, on July 6, the Accountability Court Judge Mohammad Bashir had announced the verdict in the Avenfield properties corruption reference filed by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), handing the ousted prime minister 10 years as jail time and seven years to his daughter Maryam Nawaz.
He said the trial in pending references was at final stage as out of 16 prosecution witnesses in the Flagship Investment reference, 14 had testified and in the Hill Metal Establishment reference, 18 prosecution witnesses had completed testimony, while the 19th witness, Wajid Zia, was being cross-examined.
In the November 8, 2017 order Judge Bashir had observed that 'in order to avoid conflicting judgments, or any likelihood of ignoring any defence that will be produced by the applicant/accused in each reference, all the three references shall be decided simultaneously.'
Nominated accused in supplementary reference appeared in the court during the hearing of the case.
NAB had filed a supplementary reference in the Avenfield case on January 22.
* A reference checked by a friend is not legally supportable.
Sharif had initially requested the court to club three corruption references filed against him by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), but his lawyer had later asked the court to club at least two of these references.
He said each nominated person had an individual role in each asset and Al Azizia Steel Mills reference.

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