Reform Party


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Reform Party

H. Ross Perot, founder of Electronic Data Systems, Inc., ran for president in 1992 as an independent candidate and received 19 percent of the popular vote. In September 1995 Perot organized the Reform Party and was the party's 1996 presidential candidate. The Reform Party's ticket, which included Perot's running mate, Pat Choate, appeared on the ballot in every state and won eight percent of the vote.

Perot entered the 1992 presidential race in February 1992 and gradually gained substantial widespread support with his well-financed campaign and straight talk about government. Perot made campaign finance reform, national trade deficits, and the Balancing of the Federal Budget the main issues in his campaign. In July Perot withdrew from the race when he received critical media coverage and lost his campaign manager, Edward J. Rollins. However, public support for his candidacy persisted, and Perot reentered the race in October with former navy admiral James B. Stockdale as his running mate. In 1996 the Reform Party fielded several candidates in elections across the country. At the party's national convention, University of Denver professor and former Colorado governor Richard D. Lamm challenged Perot's nomination, but Perot won handily.

The Reform Party experienced some success in the late 1990s. In 1998, former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura was elected as the governor of Minnesota on the Reform Party ticket. A year later, conservative commentator pat buchanan quit the Republican Party to join the Reform Party.

Despite these gains, the party engaged in a civil war in 2000 that continued to have negative implications. Ventura quit the party in February 2000, calling it "dysfunctional." A month later, Choate and Jack Gargan, who had become chairman of the party on January 1, 2000, but was later voted out of office, asked a federal court to determine which of them should be named as the proper chairman. A federal district court in Virginia named Choate as chairman, but the internal strife continued. Buchanan and his supporters clashed with Perot loyalists over the nomination for the party's candidate for the 2000 presidential election. Buchanan was eventually nominated, but the problems with the party were evident in the election. Despite spending more than $38 million for the election, Buchanan received only 448,895 total votes.

Further readings

Andryszewski, Tricia. 2000. The Reform Party: Ross Perot and Pat Buchanan. Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press.

Herrnson, Paul S., and John C. Green, eds. 1998. Multiparty Politics in America. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Little-field.Williams, Victor, and Alison M. Macdonald. 1994. "Rethinking Article II, Section 1 and Its Twelfth Amendment Restatement: Challenging Our Nation's Malapportioned, Undemocratic Presidential Election Systems." Marquette Law Review 77.

Cross-references

Election Campaign Financing; Independent Parties.

References in periodicals archive ?
Outgoing Reform Party Chair, David Collison said, "Our Party was blessed to have four well qualified candidates vying for the nomination.
Silvestro, who claims to have co-founded the Reform party (although no evidence of his involvement can be found in at least one early history of the party, Act of Faith: The Illustrated Chronicle of the Reform Party of Canada), says the response to his proposal has been positive.
Ellis (political science and history, Lethbridge Community College, Canada) chronologically examines the evolution of Canada's Reform Party from its founding in the late 1980s to its eventual decommissioning in 1999.
By the 1990s, there wasn't much left of the Progressive Conservative Party: Lucien Bouchard left to form the Bloc Quebecois, taking with him thousands of Tory supporters, and much of the party" had been picked apart by the Reform Party in Western Canada.
A Senior Fellow at the Fraser Institute and a Distinguished Visitor at both the University of Calgary and the University of Toronto, Manning now presents himself as a self-styled "policy scout" exploring the frontiers of democracy and public policy, in his new book, Think Big: My Adventures in Life and Democracy, Manning traces his evolution from "Young Turk" to "policy scout." Along the way the former Reform Party leader recounts the story of the Reform-Alliance party and reveals his vision of the broad "Reform project," of which the Reform Party and the Canadian Alliance are a part.
So, even if everyone gets online at the same time and starts planning a new democratic constitution, they'll still have fewer supporters than the Marijuana Reform Party does in many New York counties.
To project the Buchanan vote for Palm Beach County alone, the Reform Party or Buchanan vote was regressed separately on each one of the following predictors: (1) the total number of voters registered with the Reform Party as of October 10, 2000 (REFORM REG2000); (2) the total number of votes cast for the Reform Party presidential candidate (Ross Perot) in the November 5, 1996 general election (REFORM1996); and (3) the total number of votes cast for Pat Buchanan in the March 12, 1996 Republican presidential primary (BUCHANAN 1996).
Reform party. Reform had indicated it wanted a referendum.
On November 7, Heritage and 2.7 million other Nader voters made the Green Party the largest third party in the United States, usurping the fractious and faltering Reform Party, mostly due to Nader's high-profile campaign.
9 Reform Party presidential hopeful Pat Buchanan includes Schlessinger on his "short list" for vice president.
Thousands of voters claimed that they had voted for Reform Party candidate Patrick Buchanan by mistake, when they meant to vote for Gore.
This year, though, Buchanan is not a Republican anymore, but the standard bearer of the Reform Party. He wanted to be on the program -- in fact, he asked repeatedly to be on -- but he was turned down.