Reform Party

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Reform Party

H. Ross Perot, founder of Electronic Data Systems, Inc., ran for president in 1992 as an independent candidate and received 19 percent of the popular vote. In September 1995 Perot organized the Reform Party and was the party's 1996 presidential candidate. The Reform Party's ticket, which included Perot's running mate, Pat Choate, appeared on the ballot in every state and won eight percent of the vote.

Perot entered the 1992 presidential race in February 1992 and gradually gained substantial widespread support with his well-financed campaign and straight talk about government. Perot made campaign finance reform, national trade deficits, and the Balancing of the Federal Budget the main issues in his campaign. In July Perot withdrew from the race when he received critical media coverage and lost his campaign manager, Edward J. Rollins. However, public support for his candidacy persisted, and Perot reentered the race in October with former navy admiral James B. Stockdale as his running mate. In 1996 the Reform Party fielded several candidates in elections across the country. At the party's national convention, University of Denver professor and former Colorado governor Richard D. Lamm challenged Perot's nomination, but Perot won handily.

The Reform Party experienced some success in the late 1990s. In 1998, former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura was elected as the governor of Minnesota on the Reform Party ticket. A year later, conservative commentator pat buchanan quit the Republican Party to join the Reform Party.

Despite these gains, the party engaged in a civil war in 2000 that continued to have negative implications. Ventura quit the party in February 2000, calling it "dysfunctional." A month later, Choate and Jack Gargan, who had become chairman of the party on January 1, 2000, but was later voted out of office, asked a federal court to determine which of them should be named as the proper chairman. A federal district court in Virginia named Choate as chairman, but the internal strife continued. Buchanan and his supporters clashed with Perot loyalists over the nomination for the party's candidate for the 2000 presidential election. Buchanan was eventually nominated, but the problems with the party were evident in the election. Despite spending more than $38 million for the election, Buchanan received only 448,895 total votes.

Further readings

Andryszewski, Tricia. 2000. The Reform Party: Ross Perot and Pat Buchanan. Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press.

Herrnson, Paul S., and John C. Green, eds. 1998. Multiparty Politics in America. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Little-field.Williams, Victor, and Alison M. Macdonald. 1994. "Rethinking Article II, Section 1 and Its Twelfth Amendment Restatement: Challenging Our Nation's Malapportioned, Undemocratic Presidential Election Systems." Marquette Law Review 77.


Election Campaign Financing; Independent Parties.

References in periodicals archive ?
In some elections, the Reform Party is more successful, and forms the government.
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Buchanan, who shocked the Republican Party in the past two presidential elections with early primary successes in his Iow-budget, insurgent campaigns, is bedeviling the GOP again in 2000, this time as the candidate of the Reform Party.
It's not that the Reform Party has anything against beer.
When the Mi'kmaq achieved a limited recognition of their treaty rights in the recent Marshall decision, the Reform Party called for a "stay" of the decision, meaning they called for the government of Canada to ignore the Supreme Court.
It seems ironic that Buchanan would leave a pro-life party for the Reform Party, which has no position on abortion at all but whose most recognizable leaders - - founder and 1992/1996 presidential nominee Ross Perot and Minnesota Gov.
Three days later, an e-mail went out to Reformers soliciting support for a Reform Party Draft Committee for Buchanan, with von Raab as chairman.
In July reports circulated that Pat Buchanan was considering seeking the nomination of Ross Perot's Reform Party, but Buchanan insisted he has no intention of leaving the GOP.
In 1994 and 1996, Dean Barkley, the Reform Party candidate for the U.
The Reform Party is another example of an outsider group forming because its followers felt left out.
This annual volume issued by the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations at Queen's University covers an eventful period in Canadian history, including the federal election of October 1993 that brought the Liberal party back to power with a strong majority representing most parts of Canada, while Quebec voters gave majority support to the Bloc Quebecois and western voters elected a number of Reform party MPs.