reporter

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Reporter

One who prepares a summary or gives an account. A court reporter is a person who records court proceedings as they take place and then later transcribes the account. A published volume of the decisions of a court or a group of courts.

The National Reporter System, published by Thomson West, is the most comprehensive collection of the decisions of the appellate courts of the states and of the United States. There are 18 reporters in the National Reporter System. Eight of the units cover federal courts and ten units cover the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

All decisions, opinions, and memoranda of the U.S. Supreme Court are published in the Supreme Court Reporter (cited as S. Ct.). The Advance Sheets are issued semimonthly during the term of the Court. At the end of the term, two or three hardbound volumes are published, depending on the number of cases decided.

The Federal Reporter (F.), Federal Reporter, Second Series (F. 2d), and Federal Reporter, Third Series (F.3d) contain the reported cases of the U.S. Courts of Appeal, Court of Claims, Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, and Temporary Emergency Court of Appeals. The Federal Supplement (F.Supp.) reports decisions of the U.S. District Courts, the U.S. Court of International Trade, and the Judicial Panel on Multi-state Litigation. Federal Rules Decisions (F.R.D.) contains district court opinions construing the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Military Justice Reporter (M.J.) carries the cases of the Court of Military Appeals and Courts of Military Review. Bankruptcy Reporter (Bankr.) reports decisions of the U.S. Bankruptcy Courts and bankruptcy decisions of other federal courts.

The regional units of the National Reporter System report the opinions of the highest courts of all 50 states and the District of Columbia. In addition, these reports contain opinions of state intermediate appellate courts that are selected by the courts for publication. Many of the states have designated the unit of the National Reporter System in which their cases appear as their official reports.

The regional units of this system are the Atlantic Reporter, Second Series (A., A. 2d); North Western Reporter, Second Series (N.W., N.W. 2d); Pacific Reporter, Second Series (P., P. 2d); South Eastern Reporter, Second Series (S.E., S.E. 2d); Southern Reporter, Second Series (So., So. 2d); and South Western Reporter, Second Series (S.W., S.W. 2d). Because of the large volume of reported cases, three states have their own reporter units. They are the California Reporter (Cal. Rptr.); Illinois Decisions (Ill. Dec.); and New York Supplement and New York Supplement, Second Series (N.Y.S., N.Y.S. 2d).

See: bystander, deponent, informant, informer, spy, witness

reporter

see CHILDREN'S HEARING.

REPORTER. A person employed in making out and publishing the history of cases decided by the court.
     2. The act of congress of August 26, 1842, sect., 2, enacts, that in the supreme court of the United States, one reporter shall be appointed by the court with the salary of twelve hundred and fifty dollars; provided that he deliver to the secretary of state for distribution, one hundred and fifty copies of each volume of reports that he shall hereafter prepare and publish, immediately after the publication thereof, which publication shall be made annually within four months after the adjournment of the court at which the decisions are made.
     3. In some of the states the reporters are appointed by authority of law; in others, they are volunteers.

References in periodicals archive ?
The extracts were evaluated by using a STAT3-dependant luciferase reporter gene assay in HepG2 cells.
Briefly, a Nrf2-responsive luciferase reporter gene was engineered to specifically measure Nrf2-dependent transcriptional activity.
Various recombinant parasites carrying a reporter gene either as an episomal copy or after its integration in a defined locus, generally the rDNA locus against leishmaniasis are currently available (Table I).
With this type of direct analysis of transcript levels, the construction of cell lines with reporter genes could be avoided altogether (Figure 3).
In other words, the reporter gene is 'reporting' on the growth of the fungus," says Brown.
Applications for SpectraMax(r) L readers include assays for single and dual luciferase reporter genes, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), dsDNA, aequorin-Ca2+, and luminescence-based Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA).
Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene expression from the Ub promoter was initially very low at day 2 post-administration but by day 35 exceeded the level of expression attained from a CMV promoter vector by 4- to 9-fold.
Further testing with luciferase reporter gene assay revealed that each compound significantly activated the estrogen reaponse element reaulting in reporter gene expression (P = 0.
Development of a luciferase reporter gene high throughput screen for 7-transmembrane receptor antagonist identification, Brit.
11) identified a C/A exchange at position -863 of the TNF-[alpha] gene promoter and found higher transcriptional activity of the C allele in reporter gene assays.
When they compared the hybrid gene's activity to that of the true gene, they found that the reporter gene no longer responded to androgen.
To determine R-cadherin function in zebrafish RGC development, Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction and ligation techniques were used to generate a dominant negative construct (Rcad[DELTA]C) that encodes for the extracellular and transmembrane domains of R-cadherin with a reporter gene in place of the cytoplasmic domain.