(redirected from Respondent conditioning)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another factor that seems to contribute to the effect of employing a zero contingency in respondent conditioning is contextual conditioning.
Tonneau, for example, has proposed that reinforcement could play a role in maintaining the transfer of functions, which occurs by means of respondent conditioning (2001a, p.
The establishment of new S-R relations through respondent conditioning might be said to add to an individual's behavioral repertoire in the sense that although not novel, the response is now being elicited by a different stimulus.
Traditionally, operant conditioning has focused exclusively on procedure (a) and respondent conditioning on procedure (b).
In addition, LTP may not be necessary in operant conditioning, whereas it may be necessary in respondent conditioning.
He was briefed on the general nature of the study but not informed of the functions of the conditioned stimuli and was ignorant of respondent conditioning processes.
In particular, the transformation of functions in accordance with derived relations suggests that sexual arousal in the world outside the laboratory may sometimes arise in the absence of direct reinforcement or respondent conditioning.
It is important to note that this effect, at least in theory, required what is sometimes called second-order respondent conditioning (see Catania, 1998).
Central to contemporary models of respondent conditioning is the expanded concept of the conditioned response (CR; Forsythe & Eifert, 1998).
The N1, N2, N3, and N4 stimuli were included as incorrect comparison stimuli but were not employed during respondent conditioning or during the test for a transformation of function.
Likewise, the three agreed on the differential location of the two types of learning, asserting that respondent conditioning occurs in the autonomic nervous system and operant conditioning occurs in the skeletal system.
In turn, language-emotive functions can be acquired directly through aversive respondent conditioning or indirectly through semantic conditioning (Staats & Eifert, 1990).