Retorsion


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Retorsion

A phrase used in International Law to describe retaliatory action taken by one foreign government against another for the stringent or harsh regulation or treatment of its citizens who are within the geographical boundaries of the foreign country.

The typical methods of retorsion are the use of comparably severe measures against citizens of the foreign nation found within the borders of the retaliating nation.

RETORSION, war. The name of the act employed by a government to impose the same hard treatment on the citizens or subjects of a state, that the latter has used towards the citizens or subjects of the former, for the purpose of obtaining the removal of obnoxious measures. Vattel, liv. 2, c. 18, Sec. 341; De Martens, Precis, liv. 8, c. 2, Sec. 254; Kluber, Droit dos Gens, s. 2 c. 1, Sec. 234; Mann. Comm. 105.
     2. Retorsion signifies also the act by which an individual returns to his adversary evil for evil; as, if Peter call Paul thief, and Paul says you are a greater thief.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dans ce contexte, il avait precise que "la Russie sera contrainte de prendre sans doute des mesures de retorsion".
Tras el caso Comunidades Europeas (Union Europea)--Productos Biotecnologicos (29) el escenario del comercio de los productos agricolas geneticamente modificados ha quedado por el momento esclarecido, sobre todo a partir de la conformacion de una mesa de dialogo bilateral (con Canada y Argentina) sobre cuestiones relativas a la aplicacion de la biotecnologia a la agricultura y el acceso al mercado de dichos productos, aunque no se encuentra en las mismas condiciones con relacion a Estados Unidos, que ha obtenido la autorizacion para adoptar las medidas de retorsion solicitadas (incluido el arbitraje del parrafo 6 del articulo 22 ESD).
term 'retorsion' that is defined in the doctrine as
La famosa declaracion de Valle-Inclan, segun la cual su personaje es un donjuan feo, catolico y sentimental (22), deja traslucir que en la poco homogenea "elaboracion de si" de este memorable protagonista hay una voluntad calculada de relectura y retorsion de mas de una tradicion.
The experts also distinguished between countermeasures and acts of retorsion. Acts of retorsion are so-called unfriendly, although lawful measures, a state takes against another, for example during the 2007 Estonian cyber intrusions, Estonia suspended some services to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses from Russia [3].
Son los juicios que se justifican mediante los asi llamados argumentos trascendentales, o bien, en la terminologia de Aristoteles, por el argumento de retorsion. Lonergan desarrolla uno privilegiado en el capitulo 11 del Insight: Yo soy un sujeto cognoscente.