Bias

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Bias

A predisposition or a preconceived opinion that prevents a person from impartially evaluating facts that have been presented for determination; a prejudice.

A judge who demonstrates bias in a hearing over which he or she presides has a mental attitude toward a party to the litigation that hinders the judge from supervising fairly the course of the trial, thereby depriving the party of the right to a fair trial. A judge may Recuse himself or herself to avoid the appearance of bias.

If, during the Voir Dire, a prospective juror indicates bias toward either party in a lawsuit, the juror can be successfully challenged for cause and denied a seat on the jury.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bias

n. the predisposition of a judge, arbitrator, prospective juror, or anyone making a judicial decision, against or in favor of one of the parties or a class of persons. This can be shown by remarks, decisions contrary to fact, reason or law, or other unfair conduct. Bias can be toward an ethnic group, homosexuals, women or men, defendants or plaintiffs, large corporations, or local parties. Getting a "hometown" decision is a form of bias which is the bane of the out-of-town lawyer. There is also the subtle bias of some male judges in favor of pretty women. Obvious bias is a ground for reversal on appeal, but it is hard to prove, since judges are usually careful to display apparent fairness in their comments. The possibility of juror bias is explored in questioning at the beginning of trial in a questioning process called "voir dire." (See: voir dire, hometowned)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

BIAS. A particular influential power which sways the judgment; the inclination or propensity of the mind towards a particular object.
     2. Justice requires that the judge should have no bias for or against any individual; and that his mind should be perfectly free to act as the law requires.
     3. There is, however, one kind of bias which the courts suffer to influence them in their judgments it is a bias favorable to a class of cases, or persons, as distinguished from an individual case or person. A few examples will explain this. A bias is felt on account of convenience. 1 Ves. sen. 13, 14; 3 Atk. 524. It is also felt in favor of the heir at law, as when there is an heir on one side and a mere volunteer on the other. Willes, R. 570 1 W. Bl. 256; Amb. R. 645; 1 Ball & B. 309 1 Wils. R. 310 3 Atk. 747 Id. 222. On the other hand, the court leans against double portions for children; M'Clell. R. 356; 13 Price, R. 599 against double provisions, and double satisfactions; 3 Atk. R. 421 and against forfeitures. 3 T. R. 172. Vide, generally, 1 Burr. 419 1 Bos. & Pull. 614; 3 Bos. & Pull. 456 Ves. jr. 648 Jacob, Rep. 115; 1 Turn. & R. 350.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
the applied DC reverse bias voltages at 5 GHz for the controllable 4-way power divider.
However, running the analyses without the minority participants produced similar results, so it is unlikely minority participants drove this reverse bias.
This shows that the current is in reverse bias and remains constant at [I.sub.0], the saturation current, until the junction breaks down.
Figure 6 shows the diode capacitance versus reverse bias voltage at four different frequencies.
Proposed theories should be broad enough to explain the original and reverse bias. [6]
Such a function can be beneficial in terms of controlling the severity of reverse bias voltage values on the shaded cells, and therefore in terms of controlling losses (and hence of temperatures).
A large area EL image of solar cell obtained at reverse bias of 10 V is shown in Figure 1 (i.e., in the regime, in which the breakdown sites can be associated with decorated extended defects [6,11]).
The J-V curves for the n-type [beta]-Fe[Si.sub.2]/p-type Si heterojunctions grown by RFMS on a logarithmic scale as a function of temperature ranging from 300 down to 20 K under forward and reverse bias conditions in the applied bias voltage range of -1.5 to +1.5 V are displayed in Figure 3.
But if reverse bias is applied to the gel, the ions start to move thorough nearest electrode, therefore they cannot pass thorough the gel.
In addition to the screening and sorting, surge testing, high-temperature reverse bias (HTRB) testing, and electrical test sorting should be available.
Covering a broad current range from 20 - 50 A as packaged devices and up to 150 A for die products, key performance benefits include wide square reverse bias safe operating area (RBSOA), positive VCE(on) temperature coefficient, and low VCE(on) to reduce power dissipation and achieve higher power density.
At the reverse bias (off state), the circuit becomes a parallel combination of [R.sub.p] with [C.sub.t] in series with [L.sub.s], where [C.sub.t] is actually a combination of the device junction capacitance and its package parasitic.