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RIVER. A natural collection of waters, arising from springs or fountains, which flow in a bed or canal of considerable width and length, towards the sea.
     2. Rivers may be considered as public or private.
     3. Public rivers are those in which the public have an interest.
     4. They are either navigable, which, technically understood, signifies such rivers in which the tide flows; or not navigable. The soil or bed of such a navigable river, understood in this sense, belongs not to the riparian proprietor, but to the public. 3 Caines' Rep. 307; 10 John. R. 236; 17 John. R. 151; 20 John. R. 90; 5 Wend. R. 423; 6 Cowen, R. 518; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 9; 1 Rand. Rep. 417; 3 Rand. R. 33; 3 Greenl. R. 269; 2 Conn. R. 481; 5 Pick. 199.
     5. Public rivers, not navigable, are those which belong to the people in general, as public highways. The soil of these rivers belongs generally, to the riparian owner, but the public have the use of the stream, and the authors of nuisances and impediments over such a stream are indictable. Ang. on Water Courses, 202; Davies' Rep. 152; Callis on Sewers, 78; 4 Burr. 2162.
     6. By the ordinance of 1787, art. 4, relating to the northwestern territory, it is provided that the navigable waters, leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free. 3 Story, L. U. S. 2077.
     7. A private river, is one so naturally obstructed, that there is no passage for boats; for if it be capable of being so navigated, the public may use its waters. 1 McCord's Rep. 580. The soil in general belongs to the riparian proprietors. (q.v.) A river, then, may be considered, 1st. As private, in the case of shallow and obstructed streams. 2d. As private property, but subject to public use, when it can be navigated; and, 3d. As public, both with regard to its use and property. Some rivers possess all these qualities. The Hudson is mentioned as an instance; in one part it is entirely private property; in another the public have the use of it; and it is public property from the mouth as high up as the tide flows. Ang. Wat. Co. 205, 6.
     8. In Pennsylvania, it has been held that the great rivers of that state, as the Susquehanna, belong to the public, and that the riparian proprietor does not own the bed or canal. 2 Binn. R. 75; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 71. Vide, generally, Civ. Code of Lo. 444; Bac. Ab. Prerogatives, B 3; 7 Com. Dig. 291; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 170; Merl. Repert, h.t.; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, 417; 2 Hill. Abr. c. 13; 2 Fairf. R. 278 3 Ohio Rep. 496; 6 Mass. R. 435; 15 John. R. 447; 1 Pet. C. C. Rep. 64; 1 Paige's Rep. 448; 3 Dane's R. 4; 7 Mass. Rep. 496; 17 Mass. Rep. 289; 5 Greenl. R. 69; 10 Wend. R. 260; Kames, Eq. 38; 6 Watts & Serg. 101. As to the boundaries of rivers, see Metc. & Perk. Dig. Boundaries, IV.; as to the grant of a river, see 5 Cowen, 216; Co. Litt. 4 b; Com. Dig. Grant, E 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
It's no wonder the 2015 RIVA S, like the Turbo X in 2014, was named a 2015 CES Innovations Award Honoree.
NEVO Europe's team at EAHP will help visitors calculate and evaluate - according to their hospital's environment and needs - how RIVA can optimize compounding efficiency in their own facilities.
We are sure that the new flagship will be an extraordinary ambassador for Riva, for the Ferretti Group, and for the entire Italian boating industry, as a symbol of industrial know-how and unmistakable Italian beauty, said Rossi, We can t wait to officially present it to all Riva enthusiasts all over the world.
Riva has previously been named as Player of the Year in iDJ Magazine, as well as Mixmag's Star of the Year.
John Kelly, chief executive of Gala said: 'Our acquisition of Riva will establish Gala as the clear leader in the UK market and enable us to commit the necessary investment to exploit the growing opportunities in traditional gaming, e-gaming and Internet platforms.
Targeting the mainstream performance PC market, the RIVA TNT2 Pro takes the RIVA TNT2 core and significantly boosts the performance to deliver 284 Mpixels of processing power.
With our magic People offer you will get free membership of your local Ritz or Riva Bingo Club - there are 36 of them around the country, so there's almost sure to be one near you.
The system's strong business case was confirmed by RIVA users that participated in the KLAS study: the report found that all RIVA customers said they were realizing their ROI, and "several indicated they were doing better than they had expected.
As you use Riva, the recommendations just get better and better • Riva learns what you like, and selects streams of it for you • Drag and drop people into groups to filter your stream • Read Web Articles offline, with zero loading time • Streamlined group chat, across Facebook and Twitter • Supports multiple users, each encrypted with an optional password • Rate items to improve Riva's recommendations for you Publishers can take advantage of Riva's beautiful and seamless reading experience by working with Riva to optimize and monetize their content on the Riva platform.
The powerful award-winning RIVA TNT with its TwiN Texel processing engine, integrates a dual-pixel 32-bit color pipeline with 24-bit Z-buffer, 8-bit stencil buffer and per-pixel precision.
In the 2013 Best in KLAS report, RIVA was recognized as category leader for IV robots in pharmacy automation, a ranking that RIVA repeated in this year's Best in KLAS study.