River

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RIVER. A natural collection of waters, arising from springs or fountains, which flow in a bed or canal of considerable width and length, towards the sea.
     2. Rivers may be considered as public or private.
     3. Public rivers are those in which the public have an interest.
     4. They are either navigable, which, technically understood, signifies such rivers in which the tide flows; or not navigable. The soil or bed of such a navigable river, understood in this sense, belongs not to the riparian proprietor, but to the public. 3 Caines' Rep. 307; 10 John. R. 236; 17 John. R. 151; 20 John. R. 90; 5 Wend. R. 423; 6 Cowen, R. 518; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 9; 1 Rand. Rep. 417; 3 Rand. R. 33; 3 Greenl. R. 269; 2 Conn. R. 481; 5 Pick. 199.
     5. Public rivers, not navigable, are those which belong to the people in general, as public highways. The soil of these rivers belongs generally, to the riparian owner, but the public have the use of the stream, and the authors of nuisances and impediments over such a stream are indictable. Ang. on Water Courses, 202; Davies' Rep. 152; Callis on Sewers, 78; 4 Burr. 2162.
     6. By the ordinance of 1787, art. 4, relating to the northwestern territory, it is provided that the navigable waters, leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free. 3 Story, L. U. S. 2077.
     7. A private river, is one so naturally obstructed, that there is no passage for boats; for if it be capable of being so navigated, the public may use its waters. 1 McCord's Rep. 580. The soil in general belongs to the riparian proprietors. (q.v.) A river, then, may be considered, 1st. As private, in the case of shallow and obstructed streams. 2d. As private property, but subject to public use, when it can be navigated; and, 3d. As public, both with regard to its use and property. Some rivers possess all these qualities. The Hudson is mentioned as an instance; in one part it is entirely private property; in another the public have the use of it; and it is public property from the mouth as high up as the tide flows. Ang. Wat. Co. 205, 6.
     8. In Pennsylvania, it has been held that the great rivers of that state, as the Susquehanna, belong to the public, and that the riparian proprietor does not own the bed or canal. 2 Binn. R. 75; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 71. Vide, generally, Civ. Code of Lo. 444; Bac. Ab. Prerogatives, B 3; 7 Com. Dig. 291; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 170; Merl. Repert, h.t.; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, 417; 2 Hill. Abr. c. 13; 2 Fairf. R. 278 3 Ohio Rep. 496; 6 Mass. R. 435; 15 John. R. 447; 1 Pet. C. C. Rep. 64; 1 Paige's Rep. 448; 3 Dane's R. 4; 7 Mass. Rep. 496; 17 Mass. Rep. 289; 5 Greenl. R. 69; 10 Wend. R. 260; Kames, Eq. 38; 6 Watts & Serg. 101. As to the boundaries of rivers, see Metc. & Perk. Dig. Boundaries, IV.; as to the grant of a river, see 5 Cowen, 216; Co. Litt. 4 b; Com. Dig. Grant, E 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
com/news/report-teen-girl-told-victim-see-you-in-hell-in-ms-13-slaying/) lured Rivas into a park on Jan.
It said the trial lawyer was later indicted and convicted on federal charges of obstruction of justice and mail fraud unrelated to his representation of Rivas and was disbarred from practicing law in New York State nine years after the murder trial.
A first-generation American and first to attend college from a working-class, all-female household, Rivas had more explaining to do when she decided to continue school, directly pursuing her post-grad work.
El orden "Festucetalia indigestae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Martinez" fue descrito validamente en el trabajo de Rivas-Martinez (op.
Rivas argues that his oeuvre is not a backward journey, but rather a memory travelogue through different periods of time in history.
Estos son, a grandes rasgos, las lineas generales de un estudio desarrollado mas o menos como otros dedicados al mismo tema, como una cronica de las actividades de Rivas entre la I Guerra Mundial y la Guerra Civil.
Rivas spoke haltingly and emotionally about his wish to die.
Rivas plans in-store taste tests, along with the opportunity to share more information with consumers and get their feedback about the produce.
On May 2, 2008, 47-year-old Marina Rivas was driving home from a business trip when she was hit by an 18,000 pound tractor-trailer driven by a J.
During the investigation of this case, in mid-January, Fairfax County detectives notified Montgomery County investigators that they believed Reyes Rivas might have been in the company of gang members in their jurisdiction.
Rivas, 24, formerly of 72 Outlook Drive, was sentenced to 3 to 5 years in state prison on a charge of trafficking in 14 to 28 grams of cocaine.
Samantha Elizabeth Rothwell, 20, was arrested Tuesday, suspected of killing Walter Leonel Rivas, 18, who died at University of California Irvine Medical Center on Monday of stab wounds suffered in an altercation.