River

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RIVER. A natural collection of waters, arising from springs or fountains, which flow in a bed or canal of considerable width and length, towards the sea.
     2. Rivers may be considered as public or private.
     3. Public rivers are those in which the public have an interest.
     4. They are either navigable, which, technically understood, signifies such rivers in which the tide flows; or not navigable. The soil or bed of such a navigable river, understood in this sense, belongs not to the riparian proprietor, but to the public. 3 Caines' Rep. 307; 10 John. R. 236; 17 John. R. 151; 20 John. R. 90; 5 Wend. R. 423; 6 Cowen, R. 518; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 9; 1 Rand. Rep. 417; 3 Rand. R. 33; 3 Greenl. R. 269; 2 Conn. R. 481; 5 Pick. 199.
     5. Public rivers, not navigable, are those which belong to the people in general, as public highways. The soil of these rivers belongs generally, to the riparian owner, but the public have the use of the stream, and the authors of nuisances and impediments over such a stream are indictable. Ang. on Water Courses, 202; Davies' Rep. 152; Callis on Sewers, 78; 4 Burr. 2162.
     6. By the ordinance of 1787, art. 4, relating to the northwestern territory, it is provided that the navigable waters, leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free. 3 Story, L. U. S. 2077.
     7. A private river, is one so naturally obstructed, that there is no passage for boats; for if it be capable of being so navigated, the public may use its waters. 1 McCord's Rep. 580. The soil in general belongs to the riparian proprietors. (q.v.) A river, then, may be considered, 1st. As private, in the case of shallow and obstructed streams. 2d. As private property, but subject to public use, when it can be navigated; and, 3d. As public, both with regard to its use and property. Some rivers possess all these qualities. The Hudson is mentioned as an instance; in one part it is entirely private property; in another the public have the use of it; and it is public property from the mouth as high up as the tide flows. Ang. Wat. Co. 205, 6.
     8. In Pennsylvania, it has been held that the great rivers of that state, as the Susquehanna, belong to the public, and that the riparian proprietor does not own the bed or canal. 2 Binn. R. 75; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 71. Vide, generally, Civ. Code of Lo. 444; Bac. Ab. Prerogatives, B 3; 7 Com. Dig. 291; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 170; Merl. Repert, h.t.; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, 417; 2 Hill. Abr. c. 13; 2 Fairf. R. 278 3 Ohio Rep. 496; 6 Mass. R. 435; 15 John. R. 447; 1 Pet. C. C. Rep. 64; 1 Paige's Rep. 448; 3 Dane's R. 4; 7 Mass. Rep. 496; 17 Mass. Rep. 289; 5 Greenl. R. 69; 10 Wend. R. 260; Kames, Eq. 38; 6 Watts & Serg. 101. As to the boundaries of rivers, see Metc. & Perk. Dig. Boundaries, IV.; as to the grant of a river, see 5 Cowen, 216; Co. Litt. 4 b; Com. Dig. Grant, E 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Whyte and Rivas have both fought 26 times - the former's 2015 loss to Joshua is the only blemish between them - and they share the same knockout rate of 69 per cent.
Coo and Rivas will share the stage in the SMC-Philippine Sportswriters Association Annual Awards Night, recipients of the Lifetime Achievement award, an honor that will be bestowed them for more than just their 1979 heroics.
' Rivas now stands as race manager of the UCI-sanctioned Le Tour de Filipinas.
Still considered by many of his peers as the undisputed "Eagle of the Mountain" after winning the 1979 Tour title, Rivas added that the unexpected rise of Carino, 25, should serve as proof of how the Filipinos have taken that big leap in UCI-sanctioned races.
Rivas has directed or assisted in the development of more than 3,600 apartment homes with an aggregate value of more than $460 million.
Officially, the reform is an attempt to "search for administrative efficiency within the process of modernizing the state." Many observers, though, say it's really just a way for Ortega to shield Rivas while demonstrating that he's willing to bend a little but not bow to outside pressure.
Recognizing Rivas as someone with high performance results, a dedicated spirit and potential to grow in the company, CEO Barry Friedman presented NRHA's Retail Management Certification Program (RMCP) to Rivas as an opportunity to advance his leadership skills and career.
Jerald Uyeki (Los Angeles) 14, (10), 7; Jorge Rivas (Los Angeles) d.
Iraheta allegedly told Rivas, "see you in hell" before stabbing her 13 times with a knife.
Cipriano de Rivas Cherif, Articulos de Teoria y Critica Teatral, edicion e introduccion de Juan Aguilera Sastre y Manuel Aznar Soler.
Dr Rivas, who was speaking at the 3D printing conference on the second day of the Arab Health Exhibition and Congress, explained to Gulf News the concept of this technique.