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RIVER. A natural collection of waters, arising from springs or fountains, which flow in a bed or canal of considerable width and length, towards the sea.
     2. Rivers may be considered as public or private.
     3. Public rivers are those in which the public have an interest.
     4. They are either navigable, which, technically understood, signifies such rivers in which the tide flows; or not navigable. The soil or bed of such a navigable river, understood in this sense, belongs not to the riparian proprietor, but to the public. 3 Caines' Rep. 307; 10 John. R. 236; 17 John. R. 151; 20 John. R. 90; 5 Wend. R. 423; 6 Cowen, R. 518; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 9; 1 Rand. Rep. 417; 3 Rand. R. 33; 3 Greenl. R. 269; 2 Conn. R. 481; 5 Pick. 199.
     5. Public rivers, not navigable, are those which belong to the people in general, as public highways. The soil of these rivers belongs generally, to the riparian owner, but the public have the use of the stream, and the authors of nuisances and impediments over such a stream are indictable. Ang. on Water Courses, 202; Davies' Rep. 152; Callis on Sewers, 78; 4 Burr. 2162.
     6. By the ordinance of 1787, art. 4, relating to the northwestern territory, it is provided that the navigable waters, leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free. 3 Story, L. U. S. 2077.
     7. A private river, is one so naturally obstructed, that there is no passage for boats; for if it be capable of being so navigated, the public may use its waters. 1 McCord's Rep. 580. The soil in general belongs to the riparian proprietors. (q.v.) A river, then, may be considered, 1st. As private, in the case of shallow and obstructed streams. 2d. As private property, but subject to public use, when it can be navigated; and, 3d. As public, both with regard to its use and property. Some rivers possess all these qualities. The Hudson is mentioned as an instance; in one part it is entirely private property; in another the public have the use of it; and it is public property from the mouth as high up as the tide flows. Ang. Wat. Co. 205, 6.
     8. In Pennsylvania, it has been held that the great rivers of that state, as the Susquehanna, belong to the public, and that the riparian proprietor does not own the bed or canal. 2 Binn. R. 75; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 71. Vide, generally, Civ. Code of Lo. 444; Bac. Ab. Prerogatives, B 3; 7 Com. Dig. 291; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 170; Merl. Repert, h.t.; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, 417; 2 Hill. Abr. c. 13; 2 Fairf. R. 278 3 Ohio Rep. 496; 6 Mass. R. 435; 15 John. R. 447; 1 Pet. C. C. Rep. 64; 1 Paige's Rep. 448; 3 Dane's R. 4; 7 Mass. Rep. 496; 17 Mass. Rep. 289; 5 Greenl. R. 69; 10 Wend. R. 260; Kames, Eq. 38; 6 Watts & Serg. 101. As to the boundaries of rivers, see Metc. & Perk. Dig. Boundaries, IV.; as to the grant of a river, see 5 Cowen, 216; Co. Litt. 4 b; Com. Dig. Grant, E 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A number of equipment and equipment to prevent oil spills are installed on the coast and river mouths to prevent the spread of oil spills in waters and river flow.
A Huso huso, weighed 150 kg, was caught by the local people in a puddle of the river bed in Yesilyrmak, nearly 20 km far from the Yesilyrmak river mouth. It was a female fish and 20 kg of caviar was obtained from it.
These were placed at a distance of 800 m from each other, 800 m from the shore and from 2.5 km to the north of the river mouth and up to 1.5 km to the south, ranging from 14 to 30 m depth (Fig.
Exploratory analysis: the cluster analysis results were consistent in grouping all sites at the river mouth, followed by sites at the lower sections and some representatives of the middle sections (Tres Equis and Quebrada Sarten).
They describe sedimentation rates, river basin management priority issues, the contribution of climate services to sustainable wine production, countermeasures for river mouth closing, odor emission capacity and the assessment of river water quality, the temporal scour progress downstream of low-head stilling basins under steady flow, shoreline evolution, flood risk mapping and analysis, rainfall-runoff relationships in torrential catchments, a groundwater artificial recharge management tool, the role of groundwater in water allocation, and new molecular tools to study freshwater pathogens, in rivers in the Middle East, US, Argentina, Japan, and Europe.
Located in the Pearl River Mouth Basin of the South China Sea, The Enping 18-1 oilfield is an average water depth of approximately 90 meters.
Our results suggesting higher diversities at stations located near river mouth (4 and 5) and gradulay lower diversities at the stations located away from the river mouth (1, 2 and 3).
The statement added that on Thursday March, 17, 2016, preparatory works started at the temporary trash storage sites of Bourj Hammoud and next to Al-Ghadir river mouth where the new environmental friendly landfills will be founded.
"The area where Jamie is believed to have lost her footing is right at the river mouth ae1/4" at Lumahai Beach," Kauai County spokeswoman Sarah Blane said in an email to The Associated Press.
The Mana floodplain has been severely impacted over the years by large herbivores, and the Exclosure--clearly visible from the air and in satellite imagery--lies a few hundred metres to the southeast of Nyamepi camp; it is visible on the right from the road between Nyamepi and Mana river mouth. It is essential that tools like the Exclosure be preserved in order to give a greater understanding of the influence of wildlife on the park's vegetation.
Safety message lost in clutter on sign FINALLY we have a new very ugly sign for our village of Aberffraw, most importantly warning visitors of the dangerous currents at the river mouth. However therer is so much information about council bylaws the warnings, urgency and importance are lost.
SECRETS of a river mouth fort have been discovered during a huge restoration programme.