(redirected from Road building)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
See: access, admission, admittance, avenue, causeway, channel, course, entry, way

ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
It will also exit the remainder of its US road building product lines, produced in Oklahoma City, and sell its business assets.
While the Country Club Road building isn't downtown, he said, it's a five-minute bike ride away.
Contractors claimed the industry will shift to competing economies where there is still road building.
But a heavy emphasis on road building does mean there's less money in the transport budget for projects that promote sustainable transport.
The council could cut back on road building and help meet targets to cut carbon emissions.
MASSIVE new road building is not the answer for the Black Country, environmental campaigners claim.
Although the oil drilling proposal and lawsuit over road building are separate from the new Los Padres plan, they all relate to the same issues regarding how the forest will be used.
LOCAL indecision may have wobbled plans for Merseytram earlier this year, but as the prospect of a clean and safe form of public transport recedes, it is the national priorities of the Government that look set to rob Liverpool's tram funding to pay for increased road building elsewhere.
The Sawfish, he says, represents "an arranged marriage of marine and logging technologies" that may offer a sustainable way to reduce the environmental impacts of logging and the attendant road building.
With an industry hungry for aggregates for road building, a plan is in the works by OCL Custom Crushing and Quarrying to develop a gravel pit north of Hanmer on Highway 69, with a projected resource of more than 20 years.
On January 12, 2001, during the closing days of his administration, President Clinton issued the Roadless Area Conservation Rule barring virtually all road building on nearly 59 million acres of the national forests.
Turley adds that the study's authors compiled information from companies listed under North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 42193, the code that covers recycling companies including scrap yards and C&D recyclers, but that many C&D operations are affiliated with aggregate producers, road building or demolition contractors or excavating firms that would not be placed in the 42193 sector.