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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Murad Saeed for taking interest in road building projects in developing regions.
Mehboob Shah expressed gratitude to Murad Saeed for taking interest in road building projects in developing regions.
Murad Saeed said road building projects possess great significance from economic viewpoint and that NHA, FWO and National Highway and Motorway Police are playing vital role for development of communications sector.
We were surprised at the size of the substantial road building programme that was being undertaken up there then.
New Delhi [India], October 24 ( ANI ): The Union Cabinet on Tuesday nodded in approval for road building projects worth Rs.
Chinese road building. The reason is ridiculous, vicious and facts are clear," Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said.
Ruth Bradshaw, policy and research R manager said: "This proposal completely goes against the Government's own policy on road building in national parks and would cause huge damage to England's oldest national park." The current policy on presumption against development is set out in the UK Government Vision and Circular for English National Parks and the Broads 2010 which states that 'there is a strong presumption against any significant road widening or the building of new roads through a park, unless it can be shown there are compelling reasons for the new or enhanced capacity and with any benefits outweighing the costs very significantly.
In his first State of the Union address in 1941, President Manuel Avila Camacho declared that 'it is not possible to truly integrate a sense of the nation without an ample road network that facilitates economic exchange [and] connects human groups.' By equating road building with nation building, the new president signaled agreement with the general attitude which many contemporary elites shared.
Has road building been devolved to Wales, so we in Wales have to pay twice?
A worrying combination of high competition, poorly structured tendering processes, unsustainably low project bids and a frontloaded project pipeline has caused us to highlight the cracks in Poland's road building sector, as well as downgrade our outlook for construction sector growth in 2013.
In the mean time your article showed the vast sums committed to the road project - PS802m for just 12 miles of dual carriageway, which begs the question as to whether road building offers the best value for money with regard to transport solutions.
Citing a shift in the United States from road building to security after the 2011 terrorist attacks, Terex Corporation has announced that it exiting its roadbuilding product lines, including asphalt pavers and plants.