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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two new phases of the Dubai Expo 2020 road network project were opened on Saturday, August 31, 2019.
"It will also help councils determine priorities for spending on the road network against a challenging financial backdrop.
Led by MDA Special Judicial Magistrate Abdul Rauf, the staff along with the police raised demolished walls, sewage system and road network of Fahad Garden located behind Naqashband Colony and another unnamed land sub division at Neel Kot at Nawabpur road.
Briefing the chief minister, Minister Works Syed Nasir Shah said that the previous road network master plan was prepared in 1995 but has not been updated so far.
Chief among the infrastructure deficit are the bad road network, electricity and lack of potable water.
The Public Works Minister reechoes that government needs US$3.4 billion dollars to improve the roads condition here.Having cited the huge gap in the road network here, Minister Nyenpan argues that Government made no mistake by making road key on its agenda.
Sharing details, he said the freight corridor would have a railway track and road network along with LNG and POL pipelines.
Now, we can complete the road network and close the main road so that the Department of Public Works and Highways can finish everything they need to do for road widening,' Cimatu, who visited the island over the weekend, said yesterday.
Manuel Mamba asked the provincial board to approve the province's five-year local road network development plan and the annual budget that details provincial funding for road maintenance.
While 45% of businesses believe the road network meets their needs, many believe it doesn't (39%).
The latest figures from the Department for Transport have revealed that 20 per cent of the minor road network in the area was put into the 'red' category by inspectors in 2016/17.
Ravi Peri, an ADB Principal Transport Specialist, said, "The road network is a critical element of the transport infrastructure in Karnataka.