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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Solar Roadways has been developing hexagon-shaped road tiles that also double as solar panels for some time now.
During the design process there are some cases where the specific mining and geological conditions and roadway support schemes would be inappropriate, especially roadways at the great depths or in geologically disturbed regions.
In order to investigate the actual needs of the driver, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) contracted with the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute to investigate this relationship through a project titled the "Strategic Initiative for the Evaluation of Reduced Lighting on Roadways." The goal of this project was to establish a link between the lighting level and crash safety and then develop an approach to selecting the lighting level based on the roadway user needs.
Roadway section design should mainly consider the following factors: the lithology of surrounding rock, geometric characteristic of roadway section, and support technology.
The Houston area has the most roadways on the list - 38 - at an estimated cost of $2.87 billion.
Trackway is FAUN's own portable, temporary roadway, consisting of a series of interlocking aluminium panels.
According to sources in the Haryana Roadways, even though these "killer buses" are equipped with speed governors, there is hardly anyone to keep a check on speed violations.
* Mike Tout, roads director, noted that a decision to rebuild, or permanently close the roadway would be made within the next two years, and that elevations would be examined at that time.
There has been relatively little research, however, on the effects of mass transit availability on the peak hour congestion experienced by commuters on different roadways within the same metro politan area.
Reducing regional pollution by 20% would result in 19,900 fewer episodes of bronchitis, assuming 3.6% fewer children lived close to a major roadway. There would be 15,580 fewer episodes if the 20% decrease in regional pollution was accompanied by a 3.6% increase in proportion of children living near major roadways.
Centennial, CO, November 09, 2011 --( Terracare Associates, LLC has been awarded the annual roadway maintenance contract for the Interstate-25 HOT (High Occupancy Traffic) lanes that run through Denver, Colorado.
The State of Texas maintains complete ownership of the roadway and the land on which it sits--at all times.