road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
These include major roadworks on North Road and Duke Street, where there is a bus lane suspension for gas main replacement work, as well as roadworks on Bridge Street, Taff Embankment, City Road and Newport Road.
Highways England say the roadworks cannot be lifted because their size means it would take too long to dismantle and reassemble them.
The delays were worst on Suffolk Street, Queensway, where cars were queuing to get through a combination of out-of-order traffic lights, lane closures and roadworks.
Why don't you co-ordinate the timings of roadworks better?
TomTom receives a detailed picture of current vehicle speeds and locations, reported by TomTom navigation systems and mobile applications, and this data is anonymized and fused with roadworks data from Elgin, explains Anders Truelsen, Managing Director of TomToms Licensing Business Unit.
Highways England chief executive, Jim O'Sullivan, said: "This August bank holiday, we're helping drivers with their journeys by clearing roadworks across the majority of our motorways and major A-roads in England.
In the North East and Yorkshire, three sets of roadworks will be lifted and 10 sets have been completed in time for the getaway.
She said: "Will you tell the chamber why they were not used when they were put in there and give us assurances that during any more problematic roadworks these will be used at all times?
A survey by the company also showed that drivers were clocking up almost 240 miles a year in their efforts to bypass the roadworks.
I know that when they are completed it will be easier to motor into the city but surely there should have been some consideration for those who drive through these roadworks every day.
Narrow lanes and speed restriction of 50 mph both ways, roadworks between junction 14, Hungerford and J15, Swindon East, in Wiltshire.
The uk has the best-managed and safest roadworks in Europe, an AA survey has shown.