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A fictitious surname used for an unknown or anonymous person or for a hypothetical person in an illustration.

A lawsuit is generally named for the persons who are parties to it. When the name of a party is unknown, the court clerk may direct that the person be called a fictitious name in the papers of the lawsuit. This also may be done to hide the identity of a person who would needlessly suffer if his name were known—for example, the name of a parent who is giving up a child for Adoption or the name of a juvenile charged with a crime.

Frequently used fictitious party names include Richard Roe, Mary Roe, and john doe.

References in periodicals archive ?
Most people see the 1982 neo-noir sci-fi film "Blade Runner" in images like this, and Roe points out the recent sequel "Blade Runner 2049" has boosted interest.
Among the Trump officials Roe was in touch with at the time: senior communications adviser Jason Miller, a former top Cruz aide who joined Trump's campaign after Cruz dropped out.
These techniques have been useful to improve RoE in the short run with the pitfall of a decline of earnings in the long run.
An avid Coventry City supporter, Mr Roe also coached several successful junior football teams in the area.
Kabala posits, President Bush wished to prevent Roe from being upheld in 1989, it would seem to follow that the purpose of appointing the "'stealth candidate' Souter" in 1990 would have been to sneak an anti-Roe vote onto the Court.
A high RoE means that the management has allocated capital in a more efficient manner.
Mr Walsh said the victim had no recollection of the events, but witness Michael Lowes saw him being chased by Roe and Mann.
Some statutes invalidated by Roe may become valid again.
In 2003, Mills opened Emperor's Roe, offering clients a variety of fresh caviar, homemade gourmet creations, and the required tools and utensils.
Although the investment stream is primarily the concern of the CFO, it's important for all managers to understand the influence of capital structure on ROE.