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PATENT, ROMAN. The Roman patents will be considered by taking a view of the persons to whom they may be granted; the different kinds of patents; the cost of a patent; and the obligations of the patentee.
     2.-Sec. 1. To whom patents are granted. Every person, whether a citizen of the estates of the pope or foreigner, man or woman, adult or infant, may obtain a patent for an invention, for an improvement, or for importation, by fulfilling the conditions prescribed in order to obtain a grant of such titles. Persons who have received a patent from the Roman government may, afterwards, without any compromise of their rights or privileges, receive a patent in a foreign country.
     3. The different kinds of patents. In the Roman estates there are granted patents for invention, for improvements, and for importations.
     4.-1st. Patents for inventions are granted for, 1. A new kind of important culture. 2. A new and useful art, before unknown. 3. A new and useful process of culture or of manufacture. 4. A new natural production. 5. A new application of a means already, known.
     5.-2d. Patents for improvements may be granted for any useful improvement made to inventions already known and used in the Roman states.
     6.-3d, Patents for importations are granted in two cases, namely: 1. For the introduction of inventions already patented in a foreign country, and the privilege of which patent yet continues. 2. For the introduction of an invention known and freely used in a foreign country, but not yet used or known in the Roman states.
     7.-3. Cost of a patent. The cost of a patent is fixed at a certain sum per annum, without regard to the length of time for which it may have been granted. It varies in relation to patents for inventions and importation. It is ten Roman crowns per annum for a patent for invention and improvement, and of fifteen crowns a year for a patent for importation.
     8.-Sec. 4. Obligation of the patentee. He is required to bring into [?] his invention within one year after the grant of the patent, and not to suspend the supply for the space of one year during the time the privilege shall last.
     9. He is required to pay one half of the tax or expense of his patent on receiving his patent, and the other half during the first month of the second portion of its, duration.

References in periodicals archive ?
When I left Roman Catholicism for Orthodoxy in 2006, an intellectual Catholic friend said he couldn't understand why I was leaving a church with such a profound tradition of intellectual inquiry--Scholasticism and its descendants, he meant--for one so bound up with mysticism.
I propose that Roman Catholicism must remain focused on its mission and its teachings in order for members to choose to be active.
The Way Of Mystery is an excellent guide to the connection between celebrating the eucharist and living a moral life within the context of Roman Catholicism.
An adult convert to Roman Catholicism, Smith said ``Love thy neighbor, as thyself'' and social justice are top values in her life.
Xavier's Special Collection includes unpublished and rare published items on four topics: the history of Xavier University of Louisiana; African American history and culture; Roman Catholicism in the United States; and the Southern U.
Schwartz argues all four of these men felt alienated from their world and had a profound need to rebel against modernity by embracing Roman Catholicism.
Roman Catholicism is the state religion, and most of the approximately 7,200 Monegasque citizens living in the principality adhere to that religion, at least nominally.
This spectrum thus includes men whose wartime experiences led them to reject organized religion, but not their belief in the existence of God, as well as Anglicans who converted to Roman Catholicism.
Cote turns this around and suggests that it is the teachings of Roman Catholicism that need to be purified (changed) in order to adapt to our changing culture.
He brings together experts in Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Taoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Islam, Protestantism, and Native American spirituality to speak on the historical as well as the contemporary perspectives concerning women, contraception, and abortion.
I have written on the Hermanos Penitentes of New Mexico in an attempt to capture the history of a religious community that emerged in northern New Spain during the 18th century who are known and recognized for creating and sustaining a unique form of regional and ethnic-specific Roman Catholicism in North America.
Non-governmental organizations have long campaigned against the Vatican's status as a nonmember state with permanent observer status, highlighting the fact that it places Roman Catholicism above other religions that do not have such status, and blurs the necessary distinction between church and state.