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PATENT, ROMAN. The Roman patents will be considered by taking a view of the persons to whom they may be granted; the different kinds of patents; the cost of a patent; and the obligations of the patentee.
     2.-Sec. 1. To whom patents are granted. Every person, whether a citizen of the estates of the pope or foreigner, man or woman, adult or infant, may obtain a patent for an invention, for an improvement, or for importation, by fulfilling the conditions prescribed in order to obtain a grant of such titles. Persons who have received a patent from the Roman government may, afterwards, without any compromise of their rights or privileges, receive a patent in a foreign country.
     3. The different kinds of patents. In the Roman estates there are granted patents for invention, for improvements, and for importations.
     4.-1st. Patents for inventions are granted for, 1. A new kind of important culture. 2. A new and useful art, before unknown. 3. A new and useful process of culture or of manufacture. 4. A new natural production. 5. A new application of a means already, known.
     5.-2d. Patents for improvements may be granted for any useful improvement made to inventions already known and used in the Roman states.
     6.-3d, Patents for importations are granted in two cases, namely: 1. For the introduction of inventions already patented in a foreign country, and the privilege of which patent yet continues. 2. For the introduction of an invention known and freely used in a foreign country, but not yet used or known in the Roman states.
     7.-3. Cost of a patent. The cost of a patent is fixed at a certain sum per annum, without regard to the length of time for which it may have been granted. It varies in relation to patents for inventions and importation. It is ten Roman crowns per annum for a patent for invention and improvement, and of fifteen crowns a year for a patent for importation.
     8.-Sec. 4. Obligation of the patentee. He is required to bring into [?] his invention within one year after the grant of the patent, and not to suspend the supply for the space of one year during the time the privilege shall last.
     9. He is required to pay one half of the tax or expense of his patent on receiving his patent, and the other half during the first month of the second portion of its, duration.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The statement noted that both Judaism and Roman Catholicism begin with an affirmation of the sanctity of human life.
Its membership, at least until the Restoration, was remarkably diverse, ranging from those whose religion was close to Roman Catholicism to those whose religion was close to the Calvinism of Geneva, Amsterdam, or Edinburgh.
This Edwards is a New England divine familiar with John Locke and Isaac Newton, rooted in Calvinism but educated in and profoundly influenced by continental Roman Catholicism. Formulas influenced by this tradition sharpened his attacks on Arminianism, a more significant problem than Catholicism in Edwards's New England.
Those articles which seek to trace the transmission of medieval devotional themes into the present day are a bit more problematic; although those, such as the chapter on "Christ's Blood, which demonstrate continuity within the context of cultures shaped by Roman Catholicism, are the most successful and are often quite striking.
In his hope for union with Rome he does not focus on a "return" of Anglicanism to the traditional beliefs and practices of Roman Catholicism. Rather, he advocates the unlikely scenario of Roman Catholicism's accepting some of the modernist ideas and, in effect, "joining" Anglicanism.
It may take several generations to see a significant difference in Roman Catholicism. The authoritarian hardliners stubbornly refuse to change either themselves or their total) tartan system of government.
White culture, which brings such forces as alcohol, Roman Catholicism, and government policies, acts to destroy the Indian community; tradition and loyalty to family and heritage are what work to keep it intact.
Topics include the traditions behind the secretary-general's ethical framework, his or her role as a normative negotiator, the ethical challenges of Lie, the first to hold the title, Hammarskjold's reliance on the New Testament, Thant's Buddhism in action, Waldheim's Roman Catholicism marred by his possible nazi war crimes, Perez de Cueller and his application of religious precepts to bitter reality, Boutros-Ghali's Coptic Christianity set in a utopian city, and Annan's balancing act of politics and secular/religious values.
PUT your faith in the unknown and take the opportunity to find out more about Roman Catholicism.
On earth, where sin distorted perception and clouded understanding, the Church Militant suffered discrimination and struggled against "indifferentism"--the all-too-common failure to recognize the unique, necessary, and absolute correlation between the orthodox practice of Roman Catholicism and personal salvation.
The Vatican said it welcomed a statement by Lutherans that the 16th-century condemnations of Roman Catholicism by Protestant reformers no longer apply.
Accompanying Mariam is the biography of Lady Falkland written by one of her daughters, which offers a fascinating drama of its own: Cary's unsuccessful marriage, despite her attempts to please her husband; his opposition to her conversion to Roman Catholicism; his death, graphically described; her daring kidnap of two of her sons from the household of her Protestant oldest son.