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PATENT, ROMAN. The Roman patents will be considered by taking a view of the persons to whom they may be granted; the different kinds of patents; the cost of a patent; and the obligations of the patentee.
     2.-Sec. 1. To whom patents are granted. Every person, whether a citizen of the estates of the pope or foreigner, man or woman, adult or infant, may obtain a patent for an invention, for an improvement, or for importation, by fulfilling the conditions prescribed in order to obtain a grant of such titles. Persons who have received a patent from the Roman government may, afterwards, without any compromise of their rights or privileges, receive a patent in a foreign country.
     3. The different kinds of patents. In the Roman estates there are granted patents for invention, for improvements, and for importations.
     4.-1st. Patents for inventions are granted for, 1. A new kind of important culture. 2. A new and useful art, before unknown. 3. A new and useful process of culture or of manufacture. 4. A new natural production. 5. A new application of a means already, known.
     5.-2d. Patents for improvements may be granted for any useful improvement made to inventions already known and used in the Roman states.
     6.-3d, Patents for importations are granted in two cases, namely: 1. For the introduction of inventions already patented in a foreign country, and the privilege of which patent yet continues. 2. For the introduction of an invention known and freely used in a foreign country, but not yet used or known in the Roman states.
     7.-3. Cost of a patent. The cost of a patent is fixed at a certain sum per annum, without regard to the length of time for which it may have been granted. It varies in relation to patents for inventions and importation. It is ten Roman crowns per annum for a patent for invention and improvement, and of fifteen crowns a year for a patent for importation.
     8.-Sec. 4. Obligation of the patentee. He is required to bring into [?] his invention within one year after the grant of the patent, and not to suspend the supply for the space of one year during the time the privilege shall last.
     9. He is required to pay one half of the tax or expense of his patent on receiving his patent, and the other half during the first month of the second portion of its, duration.

References in periodicals archive ?
Debates rage on whether Roman Catholicism has not changed enough or changed too much over the past 50 years since the Second Vatican Council.
The Corpus Christi processions were the most vivid outward expressions of Roman Catholicism in Middlesbrough and everyone who lived at the time can remember them, no matter what faith they actually followed.
IT defies belief that having conspired with George Bush to criminally invade Iraq on false pretences and with ulterior motives, Tony Blair in a blaze of publicity converts to Roman Catholicism.
Tony Blair is to convert to Roman Catholicism within weeks, it was claimed yesterday.
TONY Blair had a private audence with Pope Benedict yesterday, increasing speculation that he is to convert to Roman Catholicism.
The June 11 meeting at the Vatican will fuel speculation the Prime Minister will convert to Roman Catholicism after he steps down on June 27.
It is one of continuity in change and one which, furthermore, identifies the 'genius' of Roman Catholicism in its capacity to change just enough in order to stay essentially the same.
President-elect Daniel Ortega, who once favored abortion rights, supported the law after strongly embracing Roman Catholicism and winning over voters in a country with a conservative religious tradition.
What these men lack in numbers they make up for in influence: "the overtly religious policies and rhetoric of the Bush administration have been inspired by an ideology derived from Roman Catholicism," Linker contends.
Pope Benedict XVI's singular devotion to traditional Roman Catholicism and the structural, traditional, and central role of theology as the source of enlightenment is nothing short of refreshing and redeeming.
The Way Of Mystery is an excellent guide to the connection between celebrating the eucharist and living a moral life within the context of Roman Catholicism.
An adult convert to Roman Catholicism, Smith said ``Love thy neighbor, as thyself'' and social justice are top values in her life.