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PATENT, ROMAN. The Roman patents will be considered by taking a view of the persons to whom they may be granted; the different kinds of patents; the cost of a patent; and the obligations of the patentee.
     2.-Sec. 1. To whom patents are granted. Every person, whether a citizen of the estates of the pope or foreigner, man or woman, adult or infant, may obtain a patent for an invention, for an improvement, or for importation, by fulfilling the conditions prescribed in order to obtain a grant of such titles. Persons who have received a patent from the Roman government may, afterwards, without any compromise of their rights or privileges, receive a patent in a foreign country.
     3. The different kinds of patents. In the Roman estates there are granted patents for invention, for improvements, and for importations.
     4.-1st. Patents for inventions are granted for, 1. A new kind of important culture. 2. A new and useful art, before unknown. 3. A new and useful process of culture or of manufacture. 4. A new natural production. 5. A new application of a means already, known.
     5.-2d. Patents for improvements may be granted for any useful improvement made to inventions already known and used in the Roman states.
     6.-3d, Patents for importations are granted in two cases, namely: 1. For the introduction of inventions already patented in a foreign country, and the privilege of which patent yet continues. 2. For the introduction of an invention known and freely used in a foreign country, but not yet used or known in the Roman states.
     7.-3. Cost of a patent. The cost of a patent is fixed at a certain sum per annum, without regard to the length of time for which it may have been granted. It varies in relation to patents for inventions and importation. It is ten Roman crowns per annum for a patent for invention and improvement, and of fifteen crowns a year for a patent for importation.
     8.-Sec. 4. Obligation of the patentee. He is required to bring into [?] his invention within one year after the grant of the patent, and not to suspend the supply for the space of one year during the time the privilege shall last.
     9. He is required to pay one half of the tax or expense of his patent on receiving his patent, and the other half during the first month of the second portion of its, duration.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the moment, scientists work on the issue, and it is proposed to switch to Roman alphabet on keyboards that we have.
Linguists use their experience with the language and aids such as online tools and name dictionaries to determine the exact Arabic and the appropriate transliteration into the Roman alphabet.
A major drawback remained after Hauy's innovations: the curved shapes of the letters of the Roman alphabet did not lend themselves to swift recognition through touch.
Hypothesis 2: Professors with surnames closer to ABC in the Roman alphabet will be more likely to be employed as professors.
Some argue that being required to learn two alphabets, one for Inuktitut and one for English, hampers literacy efforts and the sharing of knowledge with other Inuit groups who use the roman alphabet system.
In reality, the Greek word for "Christ" is "chi," and is represented by a symbol similar to the letter X in the modern Roman alphabet.
Scoring would take place whenever the lecturer wrote a mathematical equation upon the blackboard, with the 'batting' side scoring one run for each letter of the Roman alphabet denoting an unknown or constant, while the bowling side would be adjudged to have taken a 'wicket' for every Greek letter so used.
Each chapter gives the known history of the language with grammatical explanations, tests transliterated into the Roman alphabet and translated into English.
Ministers made their final decision at a cabinet meeting after examining a shortlist of five designs based around the letter EoACA[pounds sterling]REoACA[yen] as drawn in the Roman alphabet and the ancient Devanagari script used in Hindi.
In the meantime, German MEP Jorgo Chatzimarkakis said that in the UN a resolution would be proposed according to which the Macedonian language and identity would be presented as "Makedonski" in the Roman alphabet.
The number of letters in Devanagari alphabet set is large as compared to Roman alphabet set.
Complicating further investigations, the names as reported were translated from the Roman alphabet into Arabic script and back again for the press release, European member state authorities complain, some of whom are having trouble contacting their UAE counterparts.