confirmation

(redirected from Sacrament of Confirmation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.

confirmation

in the Scots law of succession, the official document that allows the executor to administer the estate. It reproduces the inventory of the estate submitted by the executor. The confirmation includes heritage and is effective throughout the whole of the UK. It affects property outside Scotland if the deceased had been domiciled in Scotland. A simpler form is available for small estates.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONFIRMATION, contracts, conveyancing. 1. A contract by which that which was voidable, is made firm and unavoidable.
     2. A species of conveyance.
     2. - 1. When a contract has been entered into by a stranger without authority, he in whose name it has been made may, by his own act, confirm it; or if the contract be made by the party himself in an informal and voidable manner, he may in a more formal manner confirm and render it valid; and in that event it will take effect, as between the parties, from the original making. To make a valid confirmation, the party must be apprised of, his rights, and where there has been a fraud in the transaction, he must be award of it, and intend to confirm his contract. Vide 1 Ball & Beatty, 353; 2 Scho. & Lef. 486; 12 Ves. 373; 1 Ves. Jr. 215; Newl. Contr. 496; 1 Atk. 301; 8 Watts. R. 280.
     3. - 2. Lord Coke defines a confirmation of an estate, to be "a conveyance of an estate or right in esse, whereby a voidable estate is made sure and unavoidable; or where a particular estate is increased."
     4. The first part of this definition may be illustrated by the following case, put by Littleton, Sec. 516; where a person lets land to another for the term of his life, who lets the same to another for forty years, by force of which he is in possession; if the lessor for life confirms the estate of the tenant for years by deed, and afterwards the tenant for life dies, during the term; this deed will operate as a confirmation of the term for years.. As to the latter branch of the definition; whenever a confirmation operates by way of increasing the estate, it is similar in every respect to a release that operates by way of enlargement, for there must be privity of estate, and proper words of limitation. The proper technical words of a confirmation are, ratify and confirm; although it is usual and prudent to insert also the words given and granted. Watk. Prin. Convey. chap. vii.
     5. A confirmation does not strengthen a void estate. Confirmatio est nulla, ubi donum precedens est invalidum, et ubi donatio nulla est nec valebit confirmatio. For confirmation may make a voidable or defeasible estate good, but cannot operate on an estate void in law. Co. Litt. 295. The canon law agrees with this rule, and hence the maxim, qui confirmat nihil dat. Toull. Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 3, c. 6, n. 476. Vide Vin. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. 11. t.; Ayliffe's Pand. *386; 1 Chit. Pr. 315; 3 Gill & John. 290; 3 Yerg. R. 405; Co. Litt. 295; Gilbert on Ten. 75; 1 Breese's R. 236; 9 Co. 142, a; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2067-9.
     6. An infant is said to confirm his acts performed during infancy, when, after coming to full age, be expressly approves of them, or does acts from which such confirmation way be implied. Sec Ratification.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Still others, influenced by the opinion of some liturgists, wanted to institute a new practice (or as some might present it, restore a more "ancient" tradition or practice) of conferring the sacrament of confirmation before first Communion, so as to conform to the "sequence" of the sacraments of adult initiation.
* It is time for the sacrament of confirmation to grow up and mature, cutting the apron strings from baptism and the rites of initiation.
I feel strongly that the sacrament of Confirmation should be conferred in the eighth grade.
then there isn't any meaning in the sacrament of confirmation, because the meaning comes from what's going on in the person's life at the time."
In the sacrament of Confirmation, which I had received a year earlier, the Spirit doled out seven gifts that I had to memorize for the bishop.
Let me hasten to affirm that children must be well prepared to receive in Grade 2 the Sacraments of Reconciliation and Eucharist for the first time, and in Grade 8 the Sacrament of Confirmation. Traditionally, in Ontario at least, this preparation was done largely by the teachers in our Catholic schools.
Catholics celebrate a loved one's coming of age with the sacrament of confirmation, and their embarking on a whole new stage of life in the sacrament of matrimony.
The Code of Canon Law tells us that the sacrament of Confirmation is to be conferred on the faithful at the age of discretion -- that is, 7 or 8 years old.
A Mass was celebrated at which 6000 young people received the sacrament of Confirmation. Bishop Ustrzycki, who speaks Polish, was one of the more than twenty-five bishops on hand to accommodate the large numbers.