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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In turn, the resulting altered output from the control system might impair and alter the muscle thickness and contractility of the muscles that cross the sacroiliac joint. Therefore, in the current study, it was hypothesized that the muscle thickness of the Deep Muscles (TrA,IO) and Gross Muscles(LD,GM) might be reduced in size due to the altered control system in SJD.
Sacroiliac joint pain: a comprehensive review of anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment.
Keeping in view the workload of lower back pain and experience of senior pain consultants towards land mark techniques, this study was planned to assess the effectivity of landmark periarticular technique when compared to fluoroscope guided intra-articular technique for sacroiliac joint pain with the hypothesis that there is no difference of analgesic effectivity between the two techniques.
Yilmaz et al., "Radiological follow-up of the evolution of inflammatory process in sacroiliac joint with magnetic resonance imaging: a case with pyogenic sacroiliitis," Case Reports in Rheumatology, vol.
Scoring sacroiliac joints were limited to the synovial section of the joints through these coronal slices, and then six consecutive coronal slices were consistently overviewed.
(b) Pelvis computed tomography scan showed a sacroiliac joint space narrowing associated with sclerosis and microgeodes (arrow).
Marzo-Ortega, "Validation of the ASAS criteria and definition of a positive MRI of the sacroiliac joint in an inception cohort of axial spondyloarthritis followed up for 8 years," Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.
Several factors have been associated with the development of Sacroiliac joint pain including injury from accidents and falls, gait abnormalities, pregnancy, leg length discrepancies, scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, and previous lumbar fusion surgery [3, 10-12].
Pfefer, "Results of sacroiliac joint double block and value of sacroiliac pain provocation tests in 54 patients with low back pain," Spine,vol.
[4] Sacroiliac joint is a non-weight-bearing joint with a small range of motion which has to endure extra-burden during pregnancy due to biomechanical changes, thereby, leading to pubic instability, inflammation, bone edema, and stress fractures.
RSA technology, which involves 3-D digitizing of metallic markers implanted in the skeleton, is generally considered the most accurate method for measuring 3-D motions of the sacroiliac joints. (38) Motions of the sacroiliac joint in stressed positions, such as one-legged stance and straddle position, have been found to be much smaller than those reported by most other measuring technologies; Goode (38) concludes that "the limited movements may not support a clinician's ability to palpate selected movements." Small sacroiliac movements notwithstanding, it must be emphasized that RSA measures movement, not position.