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43) So, Cyprian called his schismatic audience back to the Church, exhorting them to "go back to the origin of [the Christian] realities," that is, "the teaching of their heavenly Master.
The problem becomes acute as "outsiders" do not represent a homogenous group but are divided into two (or three) fairly large groups: heretics and schismatics (as well as illegal congregations).
What is new in the 256 decision was that it related to rebellious clergy who were not apostates but schismatics and heretics and who wanted to return.
1) drew a triple distinction between heretics (those entirely divorced from the faith), schismatics (those unable to agree on particular solutions to particular ecclesiastical problems), and "parasynagogai" (assemblies of rebellious clerics and laymen).
Because the Poor, both male and female, became itinerant preachers of penance in opposition to a prohibition of the archbishop of Lyon, Pope Lucius III in 1184 condemned them as schismatics.
In addition, Fudge does recognize that after 1437 it would be the orthodox schismatics who, in their plodding and broad-minded way, would bear the main witness in Bohemia against what they considered Rome's imperial aberrations during the remaining two centuries of Utraquism.
The council changed the language for non-Catholic Christians from heretics and schismatics to "separated brethren," said Orsy.
Perhaps they both should check with no less a personage than Cardinal Castrillon Hoyos, who has stated that they are neither schismatics, nor heretics, and that the whole matter is one of regularizing a canonical situation.
The ten letters on the Donatist schism, which account for almost one third of the translated texts, afford a clear history of the controversy from Augustine's perspective and document his gradually developing conviction that it was necessary and justifiable to use force against these often violent schismatics.
In the end and at a considerably later date he must report that "in general throughout the globe the Christians are more than the Mohammadans, the heretics more than the Catholics, the schismatics more than the heretics and the Mohammadans, schismatics and heretics more than the Jews, but the pagans are disproportionately more than all the rest of humankind together.
Lefebvre wrote to John Paul II in 1985, three years before his decision to ordain four bishops in defiance of the pope's authority, to argue that Vatican II's "Declaration on Religious Liberty" had produced a series of poisonous consequences, including "all the reforms carried out over 20 years within the church to please heretics, schismatics, false religions and declared enemies of the church, such as the Jews, the Communists and the Freemasons.
And what makes their task even less agreeable is the fact that these days the split between true believing schismatics and schismatic true believers is as evident among historians as it is among Catholic theologians.