Scutage


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Related to Scutage: disseisin, Novel disseisin, amerced

SCUTAGE, old Eng. law. The name of a tax or contribution raised for the use of the king's armies by those who held lands by knight's service.

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He assessed scutage or aids that were significantly greater than traditional payments to the king.
Scutages and fines were dealt with in chapters 3, 12, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, and 55.
he that holdeth by castle-guard pays no scutage And speaking of clarity Milite, Coke, Edwardus "that light which was Sigier" .
No scutage nor aid shall be imposed on our kingdom, unless by common counsel of our kingdom, except for ransoming our person, for making our eldest son a knight, and for once marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there shall not be levied more than a reasonable aid.
The Significance of Scutage Rates in Eleventh- and Twelfth-Century England, 75 ENG.
scutage and tallage) which, when unchecked, were felt to be extortionate.
Scutage: Scutage arose originally as a feudal due (servitia debita) owed to the king in respect of grants of land (fees) made to tenants-in-chief.
In addition to paying scutage, tenants often paid a sum of money in fine.
While perhaps evident in the early years of John's reign, the effect was greater with the more frequent levies of scutage after 1204.
They knew that the king could insist on full military service which would likely be more expensive than scutage proper plus fine.
He argues that mercenaries, whether or not part of the familia, comprised the majority element in armies as opposed to strictly feudal troops and that scutage - money paid in lieu of military service - was perhaps the feudal system's most significant contribution to Anglo-Norman forces in this period'.
Some have argued that the monarcy wa avaricious, and eagerly sought to raise its revenues through the imposition of scutages (tases paid in lieu of services) and fines.