Derivative

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DERIVATIVE. Coming from another; taken from something preceding, secondary; as derivative title, which is that acquired from another person. There is considerable difference between an original and a derivative title. When the acquisition is original, the right thus acquired to the thing becomes property, which must be unqualified and unlimited, and since no one but the occupant has any right to the thing, he must have the whole right of disposing of it. But with regard to derivative acquisition, it may be otherwise, for the person from whom the thing is acquired may not have an unlimited right to it, or he may convey or transfer it with certain reservations of right. Derivative title must always be by contract.
     2. Derivative conveyances are, those which presuppose some other precedent conveyance, and serve only to enlarge, confirm, alter, restrain, restore, or transfer the interest granted by such original conveyance, 3 Bl. Com. 321.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The opposite in sign of the shape index S and of the coefficient of the first fundamental form G, the first and second derivatives along y of the free-form surface are sufficient to obtain the convergence of the clustering algorithm toward a successful classification.
In this paper we studied a-C thin films using the second derivative method to determine, for the first time, the influence of the internal pressure (using the intrinsic stress) of the carbon matrix and how it affects the band states.
The colour (CIE [a.sup.*]) model based on second derivative spectra was poor for a data set involving population 1 only, due to the low attribute range in immature, green fruit (Table 1).
Khan, "A simpson's-type second derivative method for stiff systems," International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol.
The MATLAB function fminunc uses, as an option, a quasi-Newton procedure that does not require the calculation of second derivatives and hence saves computational time.
The second derivative of the impulse response was calculated for four pulses that give closed-form expressions of the time response and reported in Table 3, where x = [alpha][phi], A = 120d + 12(c - 2b)[x.sub.2] + (8 + 4b + 2c + d)[x.sup.4], B = 2x(24c-12d) + (8 + 8b + 2c + d)[x.sup.2], C = [2.sup.-{2+[beta])][[pi].sup.5/2][[alpha].sup.2]T[1 + [beta]], [sup.1][F.sub.2][{a}, {b, c}, y] is defined by rel.
Second derivative extended backward differentiation formulas for the numerical integration of stiff systems.
The relationship uses the second derivative, which can result in large values either positive or negative.
There were some other acoustic features which also showed promising results other than MFCC along with their first and second derivative. These features included Entropy of Spectrum (EOS), Statistical features, and Root Mean Square Energy (RMSE).
If the second derivative is not known then there are two variants of qualitative proportionality: