differs from primary prevention in several ways.
Although secondary prevention
measures are a key component of any public-health strategy to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease, a large proportion of potential candidates do not receive adequate treatment.
Research is needed on strategies for preventing early-onset disease among preterm infants, the role of bacteriuria as a risk factor, effectiveness of the recommended intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis agents for penicillin-allergic women at high risk for anaphylaxis, the impact and effectiveness of recommendations for secondary prevention
of early onset disease among neonates, and factors contributing to the higher than anticipated proportion of early-onset GBS disease cases occurring among infants born to women with negative prenatal GBS screens.
The role of oral health providers in secondary prevention
of eating disorders is vital, as they are often the first health professionals to observe overt clinical health effects, enabling them also to be first to identify the problem.
"To date, the emphasis in regards to sexual violence has been on secondary prevention
," says Dr.
Research has also shown that primary prevention in the form of educational campaigns and government legislation are around seven times more effective than secondary prevention
such as screening programmes.
A three-pronged methodology is the best approach for children and youth who have already demonstrated problem behaviors, involving primary prevention such as legislation and education; secondary prevention
for identified populations at risk for or implicated in violence; and tertiary prevention (e.g., counseling).
* Lipid-lowering therapy should be used for secondary prevention
of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in men and women with known coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes.
Primary prevention aims to remove the cause of a disease, secondary prevention
to detect and treat asymptomatic dysfunction to prevent symptoms appearing, and tertiary prevention to treat existing symptoms to prevent disease progression.
A HRT is no longer recommended to prevent heart disease in healthy women (primary prevention) or to protect women with pre-existing heart disease (secondary prevention
Meeting needs and building competencies can be done as part of primary or secondary prevention
In the late 1980s, a series of secondary prevention
trials documented that regular use of aspirin lowered the risk for myocardial infarction (MI) and nonfatal strokes in persons with cardiovascular disease (CVD) (1,2).