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PREVENTION, civil and French law. The right of a judge to take cognizance of an action over which he has concurrent jurisdiction with another judge.
     2. In Pennsylvania it has been ruled that a justice of the peace cannot take cognizance of a cause which has been previously decided by another justice. 2 Dall. 77; Id. 114.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Secondary prevention differs from primary prevention in several ways.
Although secondary prevention measures are a key component of any public-health strategy to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease, a large proportion of potential candidates do not receive adequate treatment.
Research is needed on strategies for preventing early-onset disease among preterm infants, the role of bacteriuria as a risk factor, effectiveness of the recommended intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis agents for penicillin-allergic women at high risk for anaphylaxis, the impact and effectiveness of recommendations for secondary prevention of early onset disease among neonates, and factors contributing to the higher than anticipated proportion of early-onset GBS disease cases occurring among infants born to women with negative prenatal GBS screens.
"To date, the emphasis in regards to sexual violence has been on secondary prevention," says Dr.
Research has also shown that primary prevention in the form of educational campaigns and government legislation are around seven times more effective than secondary prevention such as screening programmes.
A three-pronged methodology is the best approach for children and youth who have already demonstrated problem behaviors, involving primary prevention such as legislation and education; secondary prevention for identified populations at risk for or implicated in violence; and tertiary prevention (e.g., counseling).
* Lipid-lowering therapy should be used for secondary prevention of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in men and women with known coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes.
Primary prevention aims to remove the cause of a disease, secondary prevention to detect and treat asymptomatic dysfunction to prevent symptoms appearing, and tertiary prevention to treat existing symptoms to prevent disease progression.
A HRT is no longer recommended to prevent heart disease in healthy women (primary prevention) or to protect women with pre-existing heart disease (secondary prevention).
Meeting needs and building competencies can be done as part of primary or secondary prevention efforts.
In the late 1980s, a series of secondary prevention trials documented that regular use of aspirin lowered the risk for myocardial infarction (MI) and nonfatal strokes in persons with cardiovascular disease (CVD) (1,2).

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