Seizure

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Related to Seizures: epilepsy, Convulsions

Seizure

Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

seizure

n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
But, Trifexis and other medications in the same class have been known to lower the seizure threshold, or increase the chances for seizures in dogs already prone to seizures.
Jenny Hsieh, lead author of the study said: "We already know that new neurons contribute to epilepsy, but we didn't know if we could target them post-injury after seizures have already started.
Status epilepticus is a single epileptic seizure which lasts more than 30 minutes or a series of epileptic seizures in which function is not retrieved between ictal events for more than 30 minutes.
The primary efficacy endpoint for Study 1 was treatment success, defined as the termination of seizures within ten minutes after the initial blinded dose of study drug and the absence of a recurrence of seizures within six hours of the initial blinded dose of study drug.
Up until now, service dogs helping patients with epileptic seizures were mostly trained to respond to a seizure.
In a review of the World Health Organization's adverse drug reactions database, Kumlien and Lundberg (6) calculated the ratio of the number of reports of seizures to the total number of reports for each drug.
announced today that based on topline results, the primary efficacy endpoint was met in a Phase III clinical study (Study 342) conducted for submission in Japan, which evaluated its in-house discovered antiepileptic drug (AED) Fycompa (perampanel) as monotherapy for partial-onset seizures. Based on the results of this study, Eisai plans to file an application seeking approval of Fycompa as monotherapy for partial onset seizures in Japan during fiscal 2018.
That was a 16 per cent rise from 1,830 seizures in 2016/17.
Psychomotor seizures often manifest as unusual behavior, such as "flybiting" at the air or staring into space and not responding to cues.
patients with febrile seizures and patients without febrile seizures.
The study noted that the same seizures also matched two other seizures made in Entebbe.