Selective Service System

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Selective Service System

The Selective Service System is responsible for supplying U.S. armed forces with people in the event of a national emergency. It is an independent agency of the federal government's Executive Branch.

The agency was established in its first form in 1917 and is authorized by the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C.A. app. 451–471a). This act, as amended, requires male citizens of the United States, and all other male persons who are in the United States and who are between the ages of eighteen and a half and twenty-six, to register for possible military service. It exempts active members of the armed forces, personnel of foreign embassies and consulates, and nonimmigrant Aliens.All registrants between the ages of eighteen and a half and twenty-six, except those who are deferred, are liable for training and service in the armed forces should Congress decide to conscript registrants. Those who have received a deferral are liable for training and service until age thirty-five. Aliens are not liable for training and service until they have remained in the United States for more than one year. In the event of the Conscription of registrants into the armed forces, conscientious objectors are required to do civilian work in place of conscription.

In 1980 President jimmy carter issued a proclamation (Proclamation 4771, July 2, 1980) requiring all males who were born after January 1, 1960, and who have attained age eighteen, to register with the Selective Service. Registration is conducted at U.S. post offices and at U.S. embassies and consulates outside the United States. The Selective Service maintains several field offices in addition to its headquarters in Arlington, Virginia.


Armed Services; Solomon Amendment.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Readers must keep in mind that, though the last time young people were drafted was in 1973, the Selective Service System was never dismantled, and registration for possible duty has continued for 18-year-old males.
(60.) The author thanks Alyce Burton, Public Affairs Specialist with the Selective Service System for providing statistics on Vietnam-era conscientious objection claimants.
Further, the cost of collecting this hidden tax was more than the administrative costs of the Selective Service System; it also included the costs borne by young men trying to evade the tax.
But it took less than a decade for ETS, which was created to run it and the SAT-type tests modeled on it--the LSAT, the GRE, the MCAT--plus the draft-deferment test that ETS created for the Selective Service System during the Korean War, to turn the SAT into a mysterious black box and the testing service into a major force in American education.
The four-building, 129,032-square-foot Oregon Square complex, built in the 1940s, originally housed the Bonneville Power Administration, the Bureau of Land Management and Selective Service System offices.
The Selective Service System wants to hear from men and women in the community who might be willing to serve as members of local draft boards.
In the rare letter, Ali writes: "This petition is made to you in order to avoid injustice and unnecessary litigation in the courts which would be burdensome to both me and the Selective Service System."
The Selective Service System is an independent agency and not directly linked to the Pentagon.
But that doesn't mean you're completely off the hook: Men still have to register with the federal Selective Service System within 30 days of turning 18.

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