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CANAL. A trench dug for leading water in a particular direction, and confining it.
     2. Public canals are generally protected by the law which authorizes their being made. Various points have arisen under numerous laws authorizing the construction of canals, which have been decided in cases reported in 1 Yeates, 430; 1 Binn. 70; 1 Pennsyl. 462; 2 Pennsyl. 517; 7 Mass. 169; 1 Sumu. 46; 20 Johns. 103, 735; 2 Johns. 283; 7 John. Ch. 315; 1 Wend. 474; 5 Wend. 166; 8 Wend. 469; 4 Wend. 667; 6 Cowen, 698; 7 Cowen, 526 4 Hamm. 253; 5 Hamm. 141, 391; 6 Hamm. 126; 1 N. H. Rep. 339; See River.

References in periodicals archive ?
They could make this determination because the size of the three semicircular canals is closely related to their sensitivity.
Caloric stimulation is an "artificial," but convenient, way to evaluate the adequacy of the vestibular system by causing the endolymph to move in the semicircular canal (due to a convection current) even when the head is still.
In this article we report a new case of large bilateral internal auditory meatus, and we discuss the possibility that a developmental abnormality underlies superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) syndrome.
sapiens had the largest semicircular canals relative to body weight, perhaps reflecting a more pronounced upright stance.
6) In the current case, both posterior semicircular canals demonstrated areas of bony dehiscence.
CT analysis of 35 hominid fossils with preserved bony labyrinths finds humanlike semicircular canal proportions only in H.
Agenesis of the mastoid antrum has surgical implications because failure to recognize its absence can result in disorientation during mastoid surgery, with potential to injure the lateral semicircular canal and/ or the facial nerve.
An atticotomy is performed for wider exposure; if need be, an atticoantrotomy can be enlarged for a better view of the horizontal semicircular canal (figure 2).
Endolymphatic sac tumor located around semicircular canals.
However, its sensitivity and specificity are limited because ENG caloric testing provides (1) information primarily about the lateral semicircular canals, (2) less information regarding possible central pathology, and (3) limited insight into overall balance function.
2) BPPV is a vestibular disorder that affects the semicircular canals of the labyrinth.
Intraoperative findings included a perilabyrinthine CSF leak from the air cells around the semicircular canals.