Canal

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Related to Semicircular canals: utricle

CANAL. A trench dug for leading water in a particular direction, and confining it.
     2. Public canals are generally protected by the law which authorizes their being made. Various points have arisen under numerous laws authorizing the construction of canals, which have been decided in cases reported in 1 Yeates, 430; 1 Binn. 70; 1 Pennsyl. 462; 2 Pennsyl. 517; 7 Mass. 169; 1 Sumu. 46; 20 Johns. 103, 735; 2 Johns. 283; 7 John. Ch. 315; 1 Wend. 474; 5 Wend. 166; 8 Wend. 469; 4 Wend. 667; 6 Cowen, 698; 7 Cowen, 526 4 Hamm. 253; 5 Hamm. 141, 391; 6 Hamm. 126; 1 N. H. Rep. 339; See River.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is an absence of the cochlea, vestibule, semicircular canals, and vestibular and cochlear aqueducts.
Free-floating endolymph particles: a new operative finding during posterior semicircular canal occlusion.
Fistulas were present in the lateral semicircular canals of 19 patients, in the superior semicircular canals of four patients, in the posterior semicircular canals of two patients, in the cochlea-vestibule in three patients, and in the round window of one patient.
The vHIT investigates VOR objectively stimulating all three semicircular canals; left horizontal, right horizontal, left anterior, right anterior, left posterior, right posterior.
Each of the semicircular canals is positioned at a different angle and is especially sensitive to different movements: up and down, side-to-side, and tilting from one side to the other.
Restoration of the VOR high-frequency response as described here probably requires at least some partially remaining function of the semicircular canals. Restoration would not take place after complete vestibular ablation where long-term pathologic HIT findings are the rule.
Aw et al., "Semicircular canal plane head impulses detect absent function of individual semicircular canals," Brain, vol.
The vestibular part of the membranous labyrinth consists of three semicircular canals as anterior, posterior, and horizontal, and two otoliths as utricle and saccule; the source of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are responsible for BPPV is the macula of the saccule (4).
It also enables the individual evaluation of each semicircular canal (5).
[6] presented a video-assisted version of the HIT (vHIT) that enabled a graphic record of the VOR deficit in each of the six semicircular canals and a means to measure their recovery [7].
CT findings include ossification within the middle ear structures, including the membranous labyrinth, semicircular canals and vestibule.